Caste and Reform
Q1. Fill in the blanks.
The brahmo samaj was founded by Rammohun
In 1829, sati was banned.
founded a widows’ home at Poona.
Peasants and artisans such as weavers and
potters referred to as Shudras.
founded the Self Respect Movement.
The Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental College,
founded by Sayyid Ahmed Khan in 1875 at Aligarh, later became the Aligarh
According to the Child Marriage Restraint
Act no man below the age of 18 and woman below the age of 16
were an important untouchable caste of present-day Andhra Pradesh.
When the British captured Bengal they
framed many new laws to regulate the rules regarding marriage, adoption,
inheritance of property, etc. True
Social reformers had to discard the ancient
texts in order to argue for reform in social practices. False
Begums of Bhopal played a notable role in promoting
education among women. True
Reformers got full support from all
sections of the people of the country. False
The Child Marriage Restraint Act was passed
Rammohun Roy was well versed in Sanskrit,
Persian and several other Indian and Europeon languages. True
Q3. Which social reformer was popularly called as Periyar?
Ans. E.V. Ramaswamy Naicker
Q4. Who were Shudras?
belong to labouring castes.
Q5. Who were Ati Shudras?
Ans. They were
Q6. Who were known as Vaishyas?
Ans. Traders and moneylenders often were known as
Q7. What was the Satyashodhak Samaj? Who had founded it?
Satyashodhak Samaj, an association Phule founded, propagated caste equality.
Q8. Who was Mumtaz Ali?
Ans. Mumtaz Ali
was a social reformer who reinterpreted verses from the Koran to argue for
Q9. Why do people view leather workers with contempt?
Ans. Leatherworkers have been traditionally held in contempt
since they work with dead animals which are seen as dirty and polluting.
Q10. How did reformers bring changes in society?
Ans. Reformers bring changes in society by persuading
people to give up old practices and adopt a new way of life.
Q11. Why were untouchable students not allowed to enter the
classrooms where upper-caste boys were taught?
Ans. There was
a false notion among the upper-caste that untouchable would pollute the
classroom where their children are taught.
Q12. Write a short note on Satnami movement?
Ans. The Satnami movement in Central India was founded
by Ghasidas who worked among the leatherworkers and organised a movement to
improve their social status.
Q13. Why people such as Rammohun Roy are described as reformers?
Ans. People such as Rammohun Roy are described as
reformers because they felt that changes were necessary in society, and unjust
practices needed to be done away with.
Q14. Who was Raja Rammohun Roy?
Ans Raja Rammohun Roy was a social reformer. He
founded a reform association known as the Brahmo Sabha (later known as the
Brahmo Samaj) in Calcutta.
Q15. Who were Madigas?
were an important untouchable caste of present-day Andhra Pradesh. They were
experts at cleaning hides, tanning them for use, and sewing sandals.