the “Native”, Educating the Nation
Q1. Fill in the blanks.
The ideas of William Jones were supported
Thomas Babington Macaulay saw India as an uncivilised
country that needed to be civilised.
There was no system of annual examinations
Rabindranath Tagore started the
Santiniketan in 1901.
James Mill was a severe critic of the
The 1854 Despatch on education was in
favour of English being introduced as a medium of higher education in India. True
Mahatma Gandhi thought that promotion of literacy
was the most important aim of education. False
Rabindranath Tagore felt that children
ought to be subjected to strict discipline. False
Q3. Who took the initiative to set up the Calcutta Madrasa?
Ans. Warren Hastings
Q4. Name the two Indian who reacted against Western education.
Ans. Mahatma Gandhi and Rabindranath Tagore
Q5. Who is a Linguist?
Ans. Linguist is someone who knows and studies several
Q6. Name two individuals who sharply attacked the orientalists.
Ans. James Mill and Thomas Babington Macaulay attacked
Q7. Who was of the opinion that Colonial education created sense
of inferiority in the minds of Indians?
Ans. Mahatma Gandhi
Q8. By education I mean all round drawing out of the best in
child and man- body, mind and spirit. Whose words are these?
Ans. Mahatma Gandhi
Q9. Name the places where universities were first established by
the company in India?
Calcutta, Madras and Bombay
Q10. Who started the journal Asiatick Researches?
Ans. Jones set up the Asiatic Society of Bengal, and
started a journal called Asiatick Researches.
Q11. What does madrasa mean?
Ans. Madrasa is an Arabic word for a place of
learning; any type of school or college.
Q12. What does munshi mean?
Ans. The word munshi was used for a person who can
read, write and teach Persian.
Q13. Name the Scottish missionary who toured the districts of
Bengal and Bihar in the 1830s.
Ans. In the 1830s, William Adam, a Scottish
missionary, toured the districts of Bengal and Bihar.
Q14. Which year did the East India Company decide to improve the
system of vernacular education?
Ans. After 1854 the Company decided to improve the
system of vernacular education.
Q15. Who established Serampore Mission?
Who was William Carey?
Ans. William Carey was a Scottish missionary who
helped establish the Serampore Mission.
Q16. Who were called Orientalists?
Ans. Those with a scholarly knowledge of the language
and culture of Asia were called Orientalists.
Q17. Why was madrasa set up in Calcutta in 1781?
Ans. Madrasa was set up in Calcutta in 1781 to promote
the study of Arabic, Persian and Islamic law.
Q18. Where were classes held under the system of pathshalas?
Ans. In some places classes were held under a banyan
tree, in other places in the corner of a village shop or temple, or at the
Q19. What type of education was given to the children in
was oral, and the guru decided what to teach, in accordance with the needs of