and the City
The Story of an
Q17. Why Viceroy Lytton organized durbar in 1877?
1877, Viceroy Lytton organized a Durbar to acknowledge Queen Victoria as the
Empress of India.
Q18. What were called havelis?
Ans. The Mughal aristocracy in the seventeenth and
eighteenth centuries lived in grand mansions called havelis.
Q19. When was Lahore Gate improvement scheme planned? Who
Ans. In 1888 an
extension scheme called the Lahore Gate Improvement Scheme was planned by
Robert Clarke for the Walled City residents.
Q20. What was the main idea behind the ‘Lahore Gate Improvement
Ans. The idea
was to draw residents away from the Old City
to a new type of market square, around which shops would be built.
Q21. Mention the cities that were deurbanized during the
Cities such as Machlipatnam, Surat and Seringapatam were deurbanized during the
Q22. Why did the British remove the marks of Mughal beauty and
glory in Delhi after the 1857 war?
Ans. The British removed the marks of Mughal beauty
and glory in Delhi after the 1857 war because they wanted Delhi to forget its
Q23. What is Khanqah?
Ans. Khanqah – A sufi lodge, often used as a rest
house for travellers and a place where people come to discuss spiritual
matters, get the blessings of saints, and hear sufi music.
Q24. Why was a Durbar held in Delhi in 1911?
1911, when King George V was crowned in England, a Durbar was held in Delhi to
celebrate the occasion. The decision to shift the capital of India from
Calcutta to Delhi was announced at this Durbar.
Q25. Who lived in the “white” areas in cities such as Madras?
Ans. In colonial cities such as Madras, Bombay or
Calcutta, the living spaces of Indians and the British were sharply separated.
Indians lived in the “black” areas, while the British lived
in well-laid out “white” areas.
Q26. What did the census of 1931 reveal?
Ans. The census of 1931 revealed that the walled city
area was horribly crowded with as many as 90 persons per acre, while New Delhi
had only about 3 persons per acre.
Q27. Why did Machlipatnam lose its importance as a port town by
the late 18th century?
Ans. Machlipatnam developed as an important port town
in the seventeenth century. Its importance declined by the late eighteenth
century as trade shifted to the new British ports of Bombay, Madras and Calcutta.
Q28. Which two industrial cities of Britain grew rapidly in the
nineteenth and twentieth centuries? Give reason.
Ans. In Britain, industrial cities like Leeds and
Manchester grew rapidly in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, as more and
more people sought jobs, housing and other facilities in these places.
Q29. What is Delhi renaissance?
The establishment of the Delhi College in 1792 led to a great intellectual flowering
in the sciences as well as the humanities, largely in the Urdu language. Many refer
to the period from 1830 to 1857 as a period of the Delhi renaissance.
Q30. What were the causes of decline of havelis?
Ans. Many of the Mughal amirs were unable to maintain these
large establishments under conditions of British rule. Havelis therefore began
to be subdivided and sold. Often the street front of the havelis became shops or
warehouses. Some havelis were taken over by the upcoming mercantile class, but
many fell into decay and disuse.
Q31. Write a short note on The Delhi
Describe the new style of living that emerged in 1936.
Ans. In 1936, The Delhi Improvement Trust was set up
and it built areas like Daryaganj South for wealthy Indians. Houses were
grouped around parks. Within the houses, space was divided according to new
rules of privacy. Instead of spaces being shared by many families or groups, now
different members of the same family had their own private spaces within the