i. The first structure to successfully use the dome was called the Jama Masjid.
ii. The two architects who designed New Delhi and Shahjahanabad were Edward Lutyens and Herbert Baker.
iii. The British saw overcrowded spaces as unhygienic and unhealthy, the source of disease.
iv. In 1888 an extension scheme called the Lahore Gate Improvement Scheme was devised.
v. In the late eighteenth century, Calcutta, Bombay and Madras rose in importance as Presidency cities.
vi. Viceroy’s Palace is now known as Rashtrapati Bhavan.
vii. In 1877, Viceroy Lytton organized a Durbar to acknowledge Queen Victoria as the Empress of India.
viii. New Delhi was constructed as a 10-square-mile city on Raisina Hill, south of the existing city.
ix. The Delhi Improvement Trust was set up 1936, and it built areas like Daryaganj South for wealthy Indians.
x. By the early twentieth century, only 11 per cent of Indians were living in cities.
xi. The central dome of the Viceroy’s Palace was copied from the Buddhist stupa at Sanchi
i. In the Western world, modern cities grew with industrialisation. True
ii. Surat and Machlipatnam developed in the nineteenth century. False
iii. The Delhi Municipal Committee was unwilling to spend money on a good drainage system. True
iv. In the twentieth century, the majority of Indians lived in cities. False
v. After 1857 no worship was allowed in the Jama Masjid for five years. True
vi. More money was spent on cleaning Old Delhi than New Delhi. False
vii. Delhi College was established in 1792. True
viii. New Delhi took nearly 20 years to build. True
Ans. The tomb of a Sufi saint is called Dargah.
Ans. Cul-de-sac is a street with a dead end.
Ans. Gulfaroshan is a festival of flowers.
Ans. Calcutta was the capital of British India before Delhi.
Ans. The Zinatal- Masjid was converted into a bakery by the British.
Ans. They lived in the sprawling Civil Lines area that came up in the north.
Ans. Kingsway is now known as Rajpath.
Ans. They lived in the Walled City.
Ans. No worship was allowed in the Jama Masjid for five years.
Ans. In 1803, the British gained control of Delhi after defeating the Marathas.
Ans. Viceroy Palace built at a higher than Jama masjid to assert British importance.
Ans. They had to take up new jobs as hawkers, vendors, carpenters and ironsmiths.
Ans. The Coronation Durbar of King George V was held on 12 December, 1911.
Ans. Idgah is an open prayer place of Muslims primarily meant for id prayers.
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