and the City
The Story of an
Q1. Fill in the blanks.
The first structure to successfully use the
dome was called the Jama Masjid.
The two architects who designed New Delhi and
Shahjahanabad were Edward Lutyens and Herbert Baker.
The British saw overcrowded spaces as unhygienic
and unhealthy, the source of disease.
In 1888 an extension scheme called the Lahore
Gate Improvement Scheme was devised.
In the late eighteenth century, Calcutta,
Bombay and Madras rose in importance as Presidency cities.
Viceroy’s Palace is now known as Rashtrapati
In 1877, Viceroy Lytton organized a
Durbar to acknowledge Queen Victoria as the Empress of India.
New Delhi was constructed as a
10-square-mile city on Raisina Hill, south of the existing city.
The Delhi Improvement Trust was set up 1936,
and it built areas like Daryaganj South for wealthy Indians.
By the early twentieth century, only 11
per cent of Indians were living in cities.
The central dome of the Viceroy’s Palace
was copied from the Buddhist stupa at Sanchi
In the Western world, modern cities grew
with industrialisation. True
Surat and Machlipatnam developed in the nineteenth
The Delhi Municipal Committee was unwilling
to spend money on a good drainage system. True
In the twentieth century, the majority of
Indians lived in cities. False
After 1857 no worship was allowed in the
Jama Masjid for five years. True
More money was spent on cleaning Old Delhi than
New Delhi. False
Delhi College was established in 1792. True
New Delhi took nearly 20 years to build. True
Q3. What is a Dargah?
Ans. The tomb of a Sufi saint is called Dargah.
Q4. What do you mean by Cul-de-sac?
Ans. Cul-de-sac is a street with a dead end.
Q5. What is Gulfaroshan?
Ans. Gulfaroshan is a festival of flowers.
Q6. What was the capital of British India before Delhi?
Ans. Calcutta was the capital of British India before
Q7. Which mosque was converted into a bakery by the British?
Ans. The Zinatal- Masjid was converted into a bakery
Q8. Where did British live in the 1870s?
Ans. They lived in the sprawling Civil Lines area that
came up in the north.
Q9. What is Kingsway known now?
Ans. Kingsway is now known as Rajpath.
Q10. Where did Indian live in the 1870s?
They lived in the Walled City.
Q11. For how many years was worshipping not allowed in the Jama
Masjid after the Revolt 1857?
Ans. No worship was allowed in the Jama Masjid for
Q12. When did the British gain control of Delhi?
Ans. In 1803, the British gained control of Delhi
after defeating the Marathas.
Q13. Why was Viceroy Palace built at a higher than Jama masjid?
Ans. Viceroy Palace built at a higher than Jama masjid
to assert British importance.
Q14. What jobs did the new migrants coming to Delhi take up?
Ans. They had to take up new jobs as hawkers, vendors,
carpenters and ironsmiths.
Q15. When did the coronation Durbar of King George V held on?
Ans. The Coronation Durbar of King George V was held
on 12 December, 1911.
Q16. What is an Idgah?
Ans. Idgah is an open prayer place of Muslims
primarily meant for id prayers.