Topic outline

    • When People Rebel
      1857 and After

      Q1. Fill in the blanks.

                                  i.        In 1850, a new law was passed to make conversion to Christianity easier.

                                 ii.        The revolt of 1857 started from Meerut.

                                iii.        Bahadur Shah Zafar died in the Rangoon jail in November 1862.

                                iv.        The British had regained control of the country by the end of 1859.

                                 v.        Laws were passed to stop the practice of sati and to encourage the remarriage of widows.

                                vi.        Tantia Tope fought a guerrilla war against British with the support of many tribal and peasant leaders.

                vii.        Tantia Tope was the general of Nana Saheb.

      Q2. True/False

                                 i.        In the countryside peasants and zamindars resented the high taxes and the rigid methods of revenue collection. True

                                ii.        Nana Saheb, the adopted son of the late Peshwa Baji Rao, gathered armed forces and expelled the British garrison from the city. True

                               iii.        Sitaram Pande served the English for 8 years and retired in 1860. False

                               iv.        Ahmadullah Shah came to Lucknow to fight the British. True

                                v.        Hong Xiuquan was the follower of Christianity. True

                               vi.        Zinat Mahal was the wife of Nana Saheb. False


      Q3. Who was the last Peshwa?

      Ans. Peshwa Baji Rao II


      Q4. Who led the revolt in Kanpur?

      Ans. Nana Saheb

      Q5. Who was the mother of Birjis Qadr?

      Ans. Begum Hazrat Mahal


      Q6. Who was the leader of the mutiny as proclaimed by the sepoys?

      Ans. Bahadur Shah Zafar


      Q7. Who translated the memoirs of Sitaram Pande into English?

      Ans. Norgate translated it into English.


      Q8. Who was the son of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah?

      Ans. Birjis Qadr was the son of the Nawab Wajid Ali Shah.


      Q9. Name the country where the Indian Sepoys were asked to go through the sea route.

      Ans. Burma

      Q10. Under what pretext did the British annex Awadh?

      Ans. In 1801, a subsidiary alliance was imposed on Awadh, and in 1856 it was taken over.


      Q11. Who wrote the book Majha Pravaas?

      Ans. The book Majha Pravaas was written by Vishnubhatt Godse, a Brahman from a village in Maharashtra.


      Q12. When was Mangal Pandey hanged to death and why?

      Ans. On 29 March 1857, a young soldier, Mangal Pandey, was hanged to death for attacking his officers in Barrackpore.


      Q13. What was the first step taken by the company towards ending the Mughal dynasty?

      Ans. The name of the Mughal king was removed from the coins minted by the Company.


      Q14. What rumour spread among the sepoys of the Meerut regiment about the new cartridges?

      Ans. The rumour spread that the new cartridges were greased with the fat of cows and pigs.

      Q15. Who took charge of a large force of fighters who came to Delhi?

      Ans. Bakht Khan, a soldier from Bareilly, took charge of a large force of fighters who came to Delhi.


      Q16. What is mutiny?

      Ans. When soldiers as a group disobey their officers in the army then it is called mutiny.


      Q17. Who was ’Viceroy’?

      Ans. The Governor-General of India was given the title of Viceroy, that is, a personal representative of the Crown.


      Q18. What was Maulvi Ahmadullah Shah's prophecy?

      Ans. Ahmadullah Shah, a maulvi from Faizabad, prophesied that the rule of the British would come to an end soon.


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