i. The British described the tribal people as wild and savage.
ii. The method of sowing seeds in jhum cultivation is known as broadcasting.
iii. The tribal chiefs got land titles in central India under the British land settlements.
iv. Tribals went to work in the tea plantations of Assam and the coal mines in Bihar.
v. The Khonds were a community living in the forests of Orissa.
vi. The Gaddis of Kulu were shepherds.
vii. The lives of tribal people depended on free movement within forests.
viii. The British wanted tribal groups to settle down and become peasant cultivators.
ix. Mahua is a flower that is eaten or used to make alcohol.
x. Shifting cultivators were found in the hilly and forested tracts of north-east and central India.
xi. Among the followers of Birsa were the tribals of Santhals and Oraons tribes.
xii. In the1930s Verrier Elwin visited the land of the Baigas – a tribal group in central India.
xiii. In the eighteenth century, Indian silk was in demand in European markets.
i. By the nineteenth century, tribal people in different parts of India were involved in a variety of activities. True
ii. All members of the clan were regarded as descendants of the original settlers, who had first cleared the land. True
iii. Jhum cultivators plough the land and sow seeds. False
iv. Cocoons were bought from the Santhals and sold by the traders at five times the purchase price. True
v. Birsa urged his followers to purify themselves, give up drinking liquor and stop believing in witchcraft and sorcery. True
vi. The British wanted to preserve the tribal way of life. False
vii. Kusum and palash flowers were used to colour clothes and leather. True
viii. Many tribal groups saw the market and the traders as their main enemies. True
Ans. Mundas was a tribal group that lived in Chottanagpur.
Ans. Birsa belonged to village of Chottanagpur in Bihar.
Ans. The revolt of Songram Sangma took place in 1906 in Assam.
Ans. Khond people used to live in the forests of Orissa.
Ans. British reserved the forests of India to procure timber.
Ans. Vaishnav means worshippers of Vishnu.
Ans. In 1900 Birsa died of cholera.
Ans. The other name of Jhum cultivation is shifting cultivation.
Ans. The forest satyagraha happened in 1930s in the Central Provinces.
Ans. It was below the dignity of a Baiga to become a labourer.
Ans. They raised the white flag as a symbol of Birsa Raj.
Ans. Pandanus leaves
Ans. Hazaribagh, in present-day Jharkhand, was an area where the Santhals reared cocoons.
Ans. Fallow field is a field left uncultivated for a while so that the soil recovers fertility.
Ans. The British introduced land settlement because they wanted a regular revenue source for the state.
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