Dikus and the Vision of a Golden Age
Q1. Fill in the blanks.
The British described the tribal people as wild
The method of sowing seeds in jhum
cultivation is known as broadcasting.
The tribal chiefs got land titles in
central India under the British land settlements.
Tribals went to work in the tea
plantations of Assam and the coal mines in Bihar.
The Khonds were a community living in the
forests of Orissa.
The Gaddis of Kulu were shepherds.
The lives of tribal people depended on free
movement within forests.
The British wanted tribal groups to settle down
and become peasant cultivators.
is a flower that is eaten or used to make alcohol.
Shifting cultivators were found in the
hilly and forested tracts of north-east and central India.
Among the followers of Birsa were the
tribals of Santhals and Oraons
In the1930s Verrier Elwin visited the land
of the Baigas – a tribal group in central India.
In the eighteenth century, Indian silk was
in demand in European markets.
By the nineteenth century, tribal people in
different parts of India were involved in a variety of activities. True
All members of the clan were regarded as
descendants of the original settlers, who had first cleared the land. True
Jhum cultivators plough the land and sow seeds.
Cocoons were bought from the Santhals and sold
by the traders at five times the purchase price. True
Birsa urged his followers to purify
themselves, give up drinking liquor and stop believing in witchcraft and
The British wanted to preserve the tribal
way of life. False
Kusum and palash flowers were used to
colour clothes and leather. True
Many tribal groups saw the market and the
traders as their main enemies. True
Q3. Name the tribe of ‘Birsa’.
Q4. Who were Mundas?
Ans. Mundas was a tribal group that lived in
Q5. Birsa belonged to which village and state?
Birsa belonged to village of Chottanagpur in Bihar.
Q6. When and where revolt of Songram Sangma took place?
Ans. The revolt of Songram Sangma took place in 1906
Q7. Name the place where Khond people used to live?
Ans. Khond people used to live in the forests of
Q8. Why did the British reserve the forests of India?
Ans. British reserved the forests of India to procure
Q9. What does Vaishnav mean?
Ans. Vaishnav means worshippers of Vishnu.
Q10. When did Birsa Munda died and how?
Ans. In 1900 Birsa died of cholera.
Q11. What is the other name of jhum cultivation?
Ans. The other name of Jhum cultivation is shifting
Q12. When and where was the forest satyagraha happened?
Ans. The forest satyagraha happened in 1930s in the
Q13. It was below the dignity of which tribe to become a
Ans. It was below the dignity of a Baiga to become a
Q14. What was the color of the flag raised by Mundas as a symbol
of Birsa Raj?
Ans. They raised the white flag as a symbol of Birsa
Q15. Name the leaves used for making plates by the Dongria
Kandha women of Orissa.
Ans. Pandanus leaves
Q16. In which area the Santhals reared cocoons?
Ans. Hazaribagh, in present-day Jharkhand, was an area
where the Santhals reared cocoons.
Q17. What is fallow field?
Fallow field is a field left uncultivated for a while so that the soil recovers
Q18. Why did the British introduce land settlement?
Ans. The British introduced land settlement because they
wanted a regular revenue source for the state.