When and Where
Q1. Fill in the blanks.
Census operations were held every ten
British established specialised
institutions like archives and museums were also established to
preserve important records.
More than 2000 policemen refused to
take food during police strike in Delhi in 1946.
The periodisation of Indian history given
by James Mill came to be widely accepted.
is certainly about changes that occur over time.
James Mill divided Indian history into
three periods – Hindu, Muslim, Christian. False
The practice of surveying also became
common under the colonial administration. True
Official documents help us understand what the
people of the country think. False
The British thought surveys were important
for effective administration. True
By the early nineteenth century detailed
surveys were being carried out to map the entire country. True
Q3. When The National Archives of India came up?
The National Archives of India came up in the 1920s.
Q4. How did paintings project Governor-Generals?
Ans. Paintings projected Governor-Generals as powerful
Q5. Who became the first governor general of British India?
Warren Hastings became the first Governor-General of India in 1773.
Q6. What did James Mills think about all Asian societies?
thought that all Asian societies were at a lower level of civilisation than
Q7. How have historians divided Indian history?
have usually divided Indian history into ‘ancient’, ‘medieval’ and ‘modern’.
Q8. What do you mean by the term ' colonisation'?
When one country subjugate another country which leads to political, economic,
social and cultural changes refer to colonisation.
Q9. Who was James Mill?
Mill was a Scottish economist and political philosopher, who published a
massive three-volume work, A History of British India.
Q10. Who wrote the book ‘A History of British India’?
Ans. In 1817, James Mill, a Scottish economist and
political philosopher, published a massive three-volume work, A History of
Q11. What do you understand by history?
Ans. History is certainly about changes that occur
over time. It is about finding out how things were in the past and how things
Q12. With what did the British historians associate the modern
Ans. The British modern period was associated with the
growth of all the forces of modernity – science, reason, democracy, liberty and
Q13. What evil practices, according to James Mill, dominated the
Indian social life before the British came to India?
Religious intolerance, caste taboos and superstitious practices dominated
Q14. What was an important aspect of the histories written by the
British historians in India?
In the histories written by British historians in India, the rule of each
Governor- General was important.
Q15. What official records do not tell?
What were the things that official records did not tell?
Official records do not always help us understand what other people in the
country felt, and what lay behind their actions.
Q16. Mention the events for which specific dates can be
The year a king was crowned, the year he married, the year he had a child, the
year he fought a particular war, the year he died, and the year the next ruler
succeeded to the throne.
Q17. Why do many historians refer to modern period as colonial?
Ans. Under British rule people did not have equality,
freedom or liberty. Nor was the period one of economic growth and progress.
Many historians therefore refer to this period as ‘colonial’.