Topic outline

    • Human Resources

      Q1. Fill in the blanks.

                                   i.        In 1999, the world population reached 6 billion.

                                  ii.        Sudan is a country that has experienced a loss in population numbers due to out-migration or emigration.

                                 iii.        People are a nation’s greatest resource.

                                 iv.        More than 90 per cent of the world’s population lives in about 10 per cent of the land surface.

                                  v.        Sixty per cent of the world’s people stay in just 10 countries.

                                 vi.        Ministry of Human Resource Development was created in 1985 with an aim to improve people’s skills.

      Q2. True/False

                                    i.        In 1820, the world’s population reached one billion. True

                                   ii.        Many more people live north of the Equator than south of the Equator. True

                                  iii.        Almost two-quarters of the world’s people live in two continents Asia and Africa. False

                                  iv.        South Central Asia has the highest density of population followed by East and South East Asia. True

                                  v.        Both Bangladesh and Japan are very densely populated but Japan is far more economically developed than Bangladesh. True


      Q3. Which is the most populated continent of the world?

      Ans.  Asia


      Q4. In which country is the city of Osaka located?

      Ans.  Osaka city is located in Japan.


      Q5. Who are immigrants?

      Ans.  Immigrants are those who arrive in a country.

      Q6. Who are Emigrants?

      Ans.  Emigrants are people who leave a country.


      Q7. What is the average density of population in India?

      Ans. Average density of population in India is 324 persons per square km.


      Q8. Which does the term population distribution refer to?
      (a) How population in a specified area changes over time.
      (b) The number of people who die in relation to the number of people
      born in a specified area.
      (c) The way in which people are spread across a given area.

      Ans.  (c) The way in which people are spread across a given area.


      Q9. Which are three main factors that cause population change?
      (a) Births, deaths and marriage
      (b) Births, deaths and migration
      (c) Births, deaths and life expectancy

      Ans. (b) Births, deaths and migration

      Q10. What is life expectancy?

      Ans.  Life expectancy is the number of years that an average person can expect to live.


      Q11. What is the average density of population in the whole world?

      Ans. The average density of population in the whole world is 45 persons per square km.


      Q12. What is known as the pattern of population distribution?

      Ans.  The way in which people are spread across the earth surface is known as the pattern of population distribution.


      Q13. What is a population pyramid?

      Ans. Population pyramid is a graphical presentation of the age, sex composition of a population.


      Q14. What is meant by natural growth rate?

      Ans. The difference between the birth rate and the death rate of a country is called the natural growth rate.

      Q15. Why is population growth slowing in United Kingdom?

      Ans. In United Kingdom, population growth is slowing because of both low death and low birth rates.


      Q16. In what respects do different human beings differ?

      Ans. People vary greatly in their age, sex, literacy level, health condition, occupation and income level.


      Q17. What is population density?

      Ans.  Population density is the number of people living in a unit area of the earth’s surface. It is normally expressed as per square km.


      Q18. Why do people move from the rural to urban areas?
      Why do people migrate from rural to urban areas?

      Ans.  Within countries large number of people may move from the rural to urban areas in search of employment, education and health facilities.