Q1. Fill in the blanks.
In 1999, the world population reached 6
is a country that has experienced a loss in population numbers due to out-migration
are a nation’s greatest resource.
More than 90 per cent of the world’s population
lives in about 10 per cent of the land surface.
per cent of the world’s people stay in just 10 countries.
Ministry of Human Resource Development was created
in 1985 with an aim to improve people’s skills.
In 1820, the world’s population reached one
Many more people live north of the Equator
than south of the Equator. True
Almost two-quarters of the world’s people
live in two continents Asia and Africa. False
South Central Asia has the highest density
of population followed by East and South East Asia. True
Both Bangladesh and Japan are very densely
populated but Japan is far more economically developed than Bangladesh. True
Q3. Which is the most populated continent of the world?
Q4. In which country is the city of Osaka located?
Ans. Osaka city
is located in Japan.
Q5. Who are immigrants?
are those who arrive in a country.
Q6. Who are Emigrants?
are people who leave a country.
Q7. What is the average density of population in India?
Ans. Average density of population in India is 324
persons per square km.
Q8. Which does the term population distribution refer to?
(a) How population in a specified area changes over time.
(b) The number of people who die in relation to the number of
born in a specified area.
(c) The way in which people are spread across a given area.
Ans. (c) The
way in which people are spread across a given area.
Q9. Which are three main factors that cause population change?
(a) Births, deaths and marriage
(b) Births, deaths and migration
(c) Births, deaths and life expectancy
Ans. (b) Births, deaths and migration
Q10. What is life expectancy?
expectancy is the number of years that an average person can expect to live.
Q11. What is the average density of population in the whole
Ans. The average density of population in the whole
world is 45 persons per square km.
Q12. What is known as the pattern of population distribution?
Ans. The way in
which people are spread across the earth surface is known as the pattern of population
Q13. What is a population pyramid?
Ans. Population pyramid is
a graphical presentation of the age, sex composition of a population.
Q14. What is meant by natural growth rate?
Ans. The difference between the birth rate and the
death rate of a country is called the natural growth rate.
Q15. Why is population growth slowing in United Kingdom?
Ans. In United Kingdom, population growth is slowing
because of both low death and low birth rates.
Q16. In what respects do different human beings differ?
People vary greatly in their age, sex, literacy level, health condition, occupation
and income level.
Q17. What is population density?
density is the number of people living in a unit area of the earth’s surface.
It is normally expressed as per square km.
Q18. Why do people move from the rural to urban areas?
Why do people migrate from rural to urban areas?
countries large number of people may move from the rural to urban areas in
search of employment, education and health facilities.