Topic outline

    • Industries

      Q52. What are the similarities between information technology industry in Bangalore and California?

      Ans. Similarities between information technology industry in Bangalore and California

                               i.        Presence of high quality educational institutions and advanced scientific and technological centres.

                              ii.        Availability of skilled work force.

                             iii.        Good access to markets.

                             iv.        Pleasant climate with an attractive and a clean environment.

                              v.        Well developed and well connected.

      Q53. Distinguish between agro-based and mineral based industry.

      Ans. Difference between agro-based and mineral based industry

      Agro-based industry

      Mineral based industry

      1. Agro based industries use plant and animal based products as their raw materials.

      1. Mineral based industries are

      primary industries that use mineral ores as their raw materials.

      2. Example: Food processing, vegetable oil, cotton textile,

      dairy products and leather industries

      2. Example: iron and steel industries.


      Q54. Distinguish between public sector and joint sector industry.

      Ans.  Difference between public sector and joint sector industry

      Public sector industry

      Joint sector industry

      1. The public sector industries are owned and operated by the government.

      1. Joint sector industries are owned and operated by the state and individuals or a group of individuals.

      2. Example: Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, and Steel Authority of India Limited

      2. Example: Maruti Udyog Limited

      Q55. Explain different aspects of the industrial system with an example.
      What consists an Industrial System? Explain with an example.
      What are the inputs processes and outputs of the textile industry?

      Ans. An industrial system consists of inputs, processes and outputs. The inputs are the raw materials, labour and costs of land, transport, power and other infrastructure. The processes include a wide range of activities that convert the raw material into finished products. The outputs are the end product and the income earned from it. In case of the textile industry the inputs may be cotton, human labour, factory and transport cost. The processes include ginning, spinning, weaving, dyeing and printing. The output is the shirt we wear.


      Q56. Why was sakchi chosen to set up the steel plant by TISCO?

      Ans. Sakchi was chosen to set up the steel plant for several reasons.

                                i.        This place was only 32 km away from Kalimati station on the Bengal-Nagpur railway line.

                               ii.        It was close to the iron ore, coal and manganese deposits as well as to Kolkata, which provided a large market.

                               iii.        TISCO, gets coal from Jharia coalfields, and iron ore, limestone, dolomite and manganese from Orissa and Chhattisgarh.

                               iv.        The Kharkai and Subarnarekha rivers ensured sufficient water supply.

         v.        Government initiatives provided adequate capital for its later development.

      Q57. What are the factors responsible for the growth of iron and steel industry in Pittsburgh?

      Ans. The steel industry at Pittsburgh enjoys locational advantages.

                                 i.        Some of the raw material such as coal is available locally, while the iron ore comes from the iron mines at Minnesota, about 1500 km from Pittsburgh.

                                 ii.        Between these mines and Pittsburgh is one of the world’s best routes for shipping ore cheaply – the famous Great Lakes waterway.

                                iii.        Trains carry the ore from the Great Lakes to the Pittsburgh area.

                                iv.        The Ohio, the Monogahela and Allegheny rivers provide adequate water supply.


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