Q41. What are secondary activities?
Ans. Secondary activities are concerned with the
processing of natural resources. Example: manufacturing of steel, baking of
bread and weaving of cloth etc.
Q42. What are the climatic conditions required for growing cotton?
Ans. Cotton requires high temperature, light rainfall,
two hundred and ten frost-free days and bright sunshine for its growth. It
grows best on black and alluvial soils.
Q43. What weather conditions are required for wheat?
requires moderate temperature and rainfall during growing season and bright
sunshine at the time of harvest. It thrives best in well drained loamy soil.
Q44. When does food security exist?
security exists when all people, at all times, have access to sufficient, safe and
nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active
and healthy life.
Q45. Where is shifting cultivation practised?
Ans. Shifting cultivation is practised in the thickly
forested areas of Amazon basin, tropical Africa, parts of southeast Asia and
Northeast India. These are the areas of heavy rainfall and quick regeneration
Q46. Which type of farming is also known as 'slash and burn'
cultivation is also known as ‘slash and burn’ agriculture. It
and burn' agriculture because in this type of agriculture land is cleared by
felling the trees and burning them.
Q47. What are the climatic conditions required for growing
coffee? Who are the leading producers of coffee?
Ans. Coffee requires warm and wet climate and well
drained loamy soil. Hill slopes are more suitable for growth of this crop.
is the leading producer followed by Columbia and India.
Q48. What are the climatic conditions required for growing maize?
Where maize is grown?
Maize requires moderate temperature, rainfall and lots of sunshine. It needs
well-drained fertile soils. Maize is grown in North America, Brazil, China,
Russia, Canada, India, and Mexico.
Q49. What are the major crops grown in India?
Ans. The major crops in India
crops - wheat, rice, maize and millets
crops - Jute and cotton
beverage crops - tea and coffee
Q50. Write a short note on millets.
Ans. They are also known as coarse grains and can be
grown on less fertile and sandy soils. It is a hardy crop that needs low
rainfall and high to moderate temperature and adequate rainfall.
Jowar, bajra and ragi are grown in India. Other countries are Nigeria, China
Q51. What are the climatic conditions required for growing tea?
Ans. Tea is a beverage crop grown on plantations. This
requires cool climate and well distributed high rainfall throughout the year
for the growth of its tender leaves. It needs well-drained
loamy soils and gentle slopes. Labour in large number is required to pick the
Q52. Mention the important inputs and outputs of agriculture
along with the operations involved.
The important inputs are seeds, fertilisers, machinery and labour.
Some of the operations involved are ploughing, sowing, irrigation, weeding and
harvesting. The outputs from the system include crops, wool, dairy and poultry products.
Q53. Why different types of crops are grown in different regions?
Different crops are grown in different regions. Give reasons.
Different crops are grown in different regions because growing crops depends
upon the geographical conditions, demand of produce, labour and level of
technology. Favourable topography of soil and climate are vital for
Q54. How can agricultural development be achieved?
Ans. Agricultural development can be achieved in many
ways such as increasing the cropped area, the number of crops grown, improving
irrigation facilities, use of fertilisers and high yielding variety of seeds.
Mechanisation of agriculture is also another aspect of agricultural