Topic outline

    • Agriculture

      Q1. Fill in the blanks.

                                i.        In the world, 50 per cent of persons are engaged in agricultural activity.

                               ii.        Intensive subsistence agriculture is prevalent in the thickly populated areas of the monsoon regions of south, southeast and east Asia.

                              iii.        Wheat thrives best in well drained loamy soil.

                              iv.        A typical farm size in the USA is about 250 hectares.

                               v.        Major plantations are found in the tropical regions of the world.


      Q2. True/False

                                i.        Selling of grocery is a tertiary activity. True

                               ii.        The farmer generally resides in the farm. True

                              iii.        Smaller holdings are more suitable for commercial agriculture. False

                              iv.        Maize is also known as corn. True

                               v.        Less labour is required to pick the tea leaves. False

      Q3. Which crop is known as golden fibre?

      Ans. Jute is known as the ‘Golden Fibre’.


      Q4. What do you mean by viticulture?

      Ans. Viticulture is the cultivation of grapes.


      Q5. In what season is wheat grown in India?

      Ans.  In India it is grown in winter.


      Q6. What are fibre crops?

      Ans. Jute and cotton are fibre crops.


      Q7. Which two countries lead in the production of jute?

      Ans. India and Bangladesh are the leading producers of jute.


      Q8. Name the staple diet of the tropical and sub-tropical regions.

      Ans.  Rice is the staple diet of the tropical and sub-tropical regions.

      Q9. What is sericulture?

      Ans.  Sericulture is the commercial rearing of silk worms.


      Q10. What is the main characteristic of plantation agriculture?

      Ans. In plantation agriculture only a single crop is grown.


      Q11. What is arable land?

      Ans. The land on which the crops are grown is known as arable land.


      Q12. Which country is the leading producer of coffee?

      Ans. Brazil is the leading producer followed by Columbia and India.


      Q13. What is pisciculture?

      Ans.  Pisciculture involves breeding of fish in specially constructed tanks and ponds.


      Q14. What is the aim of agricultural development?

      Ans. The ultimate aim of agricultural development is to increase food security.

      Q15. Which country produces the best quality tea in the world?

      Ans. Kenya, India, China, Sri Lanka produce the best quality tea in the world.


      Q16. Name the factors influencing agriculture.

      Ans.  Factors influencing agriculture include favourable topography of soil and climate.


      Q17. What are 3 types of economic activities?

      Ans. The 3 types of economic activities are primary, secondary and tertiary activities.


      Q18. Who are the leading producers of cotton?

      Ans. China, USA, India, Pakistan, Brazil and Egypt are the leading producers of cotton.


      Q19. Which country leads the world in production of rice?

      Ans. China leads in the production of rice followed by India, Japan, Sri Lanka and Egypt.

      Q20. What is horticulture?

      Ans. Horticulture is the growing vegetables, flowers and fruits for commercial use.


      Q21. What are the two main types of farming?

      Ans.  Farming can be classified into two main types: subsistence farming and commercial farming.


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