of Plants and Animals
Q20. What do the rock paintings found in the rock Shelters of
Satpura National Park depict?
Ans. Figures of animals and men fighting, hunting,
dancing, and playing musical instruments are depicted in these paintings.
Q21. Protected forests are also not completely safe for wild
Ans. Protected forests are also not completely safe
for wild animals because people living in the neighbourhood encroach upon them
and destroy them.
Q22. Some tribals depend on the jungle. How?
forests provide food, fodder and other resources to the tribal people. Hence,
they depend on forest for their daily requirements.
Q23. What is the role of biosphere reserves?
What is the purpose of biosphere reserves?
Ans. The biosphere reserves help to maintain the biodiversity
and culture of that area. A biosphere reserve may also contain other protected
areas in it.
Q24. What are the protected areas which have been earmarked to
protect our flora and fauna and their habitats?
Ans. To protect our flora and fauna and their
habitats, protected areas called sanctuaries, national parks and biosphere
reserves have been earmarked.
Q25. What is ecosystem?
Ans. An ecosystem is made of all the plants, animals
and microorganisms in an area along with non-living components such as climate,
soil, river deltas, etc.
Q26. What is ‘Project Tiger? What was the objective of this
Ans. Project Tiger was launched by the government to
protect the tigers in the country. The objective of this project was to ensure
the survival and maintenance of the tiger population in the country.
Q27. What is global warming?
Ans. The gradual increase in the overall temperature
of earth’s atmosphere due to greenhouse effect caused by the increased level of
carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is called global warming.
Q28. What do you understand by the term migration?
Ans. Migration is the phenomenon of movement of a
species from its own habitat to some other habitat for a particular time period
every year for a specific purpose like breeding.
Q29. What is biological diversity or biodiversity?
Biological diversity or biodiversity, refers to the variety of organisms
existing on the earth, their interrelationships and their relationship with the
Q30. Name some species which are endemic to Pachmarhi Biosphere
Ans. Sal and wild mango are two examples of the
flora of the Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve. Bison, Indian giant squirrel and
flying squirrel are endemic fauna of this area.
Q31. Which is reforestation?
Ans. Reforestation is restocking of the destroyed
forests by planting new trees. The planted trees should generally be of the
same species which were found in that forest.
Q32. How recycling of paper helps in the conservation of forests?
Ans. Paper is made from wood pulp that is produced
from the wood of forest trees. It takes 17 full grown trees to make
one tonne of paper. Therefore, we should save paper to save the forest trees.
Q33. Why do birds migrate?
Ans. Birds migrate to far away areas every year during
a particular time because of climatic changes. They fly for laying eggs as the
weather in their natural habitat becomes very cold and inhospitable.
Q34. Name some of the threatened wild animals which are
protected and preserved in our wild life sanctuaries.
Ans. Some of the threatened wild animals like black
buck, white eyed buck, elephant, golden cat, pink headed duck, gharial, marsh
crocodile, python, rhinoceros, etc. are protected and preserved in our wild
Q35. What are endemic species?
Ans. Endemic species are those species of plants and
animals which are found exclusively in a particular area. They are not naturally
found anywhere else. A particular type of animal or plant may be endemic to a
zone, a state or a country.