Ans. Figures of animals and men fighting, hunting, dancing, and playing musical instruments are depicted in these paintings.
Ans. Protected forests are also not completely safe for wild animals because people living in the neighbourhood encroach upon them and destroy them.
Ans. The forests provide food, fodder and other resources to the tribal people. Hence, they depend on forest for their daily requirements.
Ans. The biosphere reserves help to maintain the biodiversity and culture of that area. A biosphere reserve may also contain other protected areas in it.
Ans. To protect our flora and fauna and their habitats, protected areas called sanctuaries, national parks and biosphere reserves have been earmarked.
Ans. An ecosystem is made of all the plants, animals and microorganisms in an area along with non-living components such as climate, soil, river deltas, etc.
Ans. Project Tiger was launched by the government to protect the tigers in the country. The objective of this project was to ensure the survival and maintenance of the tiger population in the country.
Ans. The gradual increase in the overall temperature of earth’s atmosphere due to greenhouse effect caused by the increased level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is called global warming.
Ans. Migration is the phenomenon of movement of a species from its own habitat to some other habitat for a particular time period every year for a specific purpose like breeding.
Ans. Biological diversity or biodiversity, refers to the variety of organisms existing on the earth, their interrelationships and their relationship with the environment.
Ans. Sal and wild mango are two examples of the endemic flora of the Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve. Bison, Indian giant squirrel and flying squirrel are endemic fauna of this area.
Ans. Reforestation is restocking of the destroyed forests by planting new trees. The planted trees should generally be of the same species which were found in that forest.
Ans. Paper is made from wood pulp that is produced from the wood of forest trees. It takes 17 full grown trees to make one tonne of paper. Therefore, we should save paper to save the forest trees.
Ans. Birds migrate to far away areas every year during a particular time because of climatic changes. They fly for laying eggs as the weather in their natural habitat becomes very cold and inhospitable.
Ans. Some of the threatened wild animals like black buck, white eyed buck, elephant, golden cat, pink headed duck, gharial, marsh crocodile, python, rhinoceros, etc. are protected and preserved in our wild life sanctuaries.
Ans. Endemic species are those species of plants and animals which are found exclusively in a particular area. They are not naturally found anywhere else. A particular type of animal or plant may be endemic to a zone, a state or a country.
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