of Plants and Animals
Q1. Fill in the blanks.
A place where animals are protected in
their natural habitat is called sanctuary.
Species found only in a particular area is
known as endemic.
Migratory birds fly to far away places
because of climatic changes.
Carbon dioxide traps
the heat rays reflected by the earth.
The Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve consists of
one national park named Satpura and two wildlife sanctuaries named Bori
Some natural causes of deforestation are forest
fires and severe droughts.
Paper can be recycled five to seven times
for use. True
Deforestation also leads to a increase in
the water holding capacity of the soil. False
The biosphere reserves help to maintain the
biodiversity and culture of that area. True
The plants and animals found in a
particular area are termed flora and fauna of that area. True
Members of a species have different
Q3. Which gas is predominantly responsible for global warming?
Ans. CO2 (carbon dioxide)
Q4. What are endangered species?
Ans. Endangered species are those which are facing the
danger of extinction.
Q5. What are extinct species?
Ans. Extinct Species are those which no longer exist
Q6. What gas do plants use in photosynthesis?
Which gas is used in photosynthesis?
Ans. Plants need carbon dioxide for photosynthesis.
Q7. Name two national parks.
Ans. Corbett National Park (Uttarakhand) and Gir
National Park (Gujarat)
Q8. What is ‘species’?
Ans. Species is a group of populations which are
capable of interbreeding.
Q9. Name the first Reserve Forest of India.
Ans. Satpura National Park is the first Reserve Forest
Q10. What is Biosphere?
is that part of the earth in which living organisms exist or which supports
Q11. What is deforestation?
Deforestation means clearing of forests and using that land for other purposes.
Q12. What can be done to retain our ‘green wealth’ for
we have to retain our green wealth for generations, plantation of more trees is
the only option.
Q13. What is Red Data Book?
Data Book is the source book which keeps a record of all the endangered animals
Q14. What do you mean by wildlife?
Ans. Wildlife means all organisms that grow or live
wild in an area without being introduced by humans.
Q15. Name two wildlife sanctuaries.
Ans. Bori wildlife sanctuary (Madhya Pradesh) and
Sanjay Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary (Maharashtra)
Q16. How many rock shelters have been identified in the Pachmarhi
Ans. A total of 55 rock shelters have been identified
in Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve.
Q17. What is a wildlife sanctuary?
A wildlife sanctuary is a protected area of land which is created for the
protection of wild animals in their natural environment like forest.
Q18. What are the aims of the 'Forest Conservation Act' in India?
Ans. This act is aimed at preservation and conservation
of natural forests and meeting the basic needs of the people living in or near
Q19. What is the purpose of making national parks, wildlife sanctuaries
and biosphere reserves?
purpose of making national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and biosphere reserves
is to protect our flora and fauna and their habitats.