Topic outline

    • Conservation of Plants and Animals

      Q1. Fill in the blanks.

                                i.        A place where animals are protected in their natural habitat is called sanctuary.

                               ii.        Species found only in a particular area is known as endemic.

                              iii.        Migratory birds fly to far away places because of climatic changes.

                              iv.        Carbon dioxide traps the heat rays reflected by the earth.

                               v.        The Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve consists of one national park named  Satpura and two wildlife sanctuaries named Bori and Pachmarhi.

                              vi.        Some natural causes of deforestation are forest fires and severe droughts.


      Q2. True/False

                                  i.        Paper can be recycled five to seven times for use. True

                                 ii.        Deforestation also leads to a increase in the water holding capacity of the soil. False

                                iii.        The biosphere reserves help to maintain the biodiversity and culture of that area. True

                                iv.        The plants and animals found in a particular area are termed flora and fauna of that area. True

                                v.        Members of a species have different characteristics. False

      Q3. Which gas is predominantly responsible for global warming?

      Ans. CO2 (carbon dioxide)


      Q4. What are endangered species?

      Ans. Endangered species are those which are facing the danger of extinction.


      Q5. What are extinct species?

      Ans. Extinct Species are those which no longer exist on earth.


      Q6. What gas do plants use in photosynthesis?
      Which gas is used in photosynthesis?

      Ans. Plants need carbon dioxide for photosynthesis.


      Q7. Name two national parks.

      Ans. Corbett National Park (Uttarakhand) and Gir National Park (Gujarat)


      Q8. What is ‘species’?

      Ans. Species is a group of populations which are capable of interbreeding.


      Q9. Name the first Reserve Forest of India.

      Ans. Satpura National Park is the first Reserve Forest of India.

      Q10. What is Biosphere?

      Ans. Biosphere is that part of the earth in which living organisms exist or which supports life.


      Q11. What is deforestation?

      Ans. Deforestation means clearing of forests and using that land for other purposes.


      Q12. What can be done to retain our ‘green wealth’ for generations?

      Ans. If we have to retain our green wealth for generations, plantation of more trees is the only option.


      Q13. What is Red Data Book?

      Ans. Red Data Book is the source book which keeps a record of all the endangered animals and plants.


      Q14. What do you mean by wildlife?

      Ans. Wildlife means all organisms that grow or live wild in an area without being introduced by humans.

      Q15. Name two wildlife sanctuaries.

      Ans. Bori wildlife sanctuary (Madhya Pradesh) and Sanjay Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary (Maharashtra)


      Q16. How many rock shelters have been identified in the Pachmarhi biosphere reserve?

      Ans. A total of 55 rock shelters have been identified in Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve.


      Q17. What is a wildlife sanctuary?

      Ans. A wildlife sanctuary is a protected area of land which is created for the protection of wild animals in their natural environment like forest.


      Q18. What are the aims of the 'Forest Conservation Act' in India?

      Ans. This act is aimed at preservation and conservation of natural forests and meeting the basic needs of the people living in or near the forests.


      Q19. What is the purpose of making national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and biosphere reserves?

      Ans. The purpose of making national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and biosphere reserves is to protect our flora and fauna and their habitats.


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