in, Garbage out
Q37. How to prepare compost?
Collect garbage like fruit and vegetable
peel, egg shells, used tea leaves, waste food, dry leaves etc.
Put the garbage in the pit and cover them
Remove the soil after few days and observe
the changes in the garbage. A black color and no foul smell
indicate that rotting of garbage is complete and compost is ready to use.
Q38. Why it is not advisable to store cooked food items in plastic bags?
It is not advisable to store cooked food items in plastic bags due to the
Consuming food packed in such plastic bags
could be harmful to our health.
Many a time shopkeepers use plastic bags
that have been used earlier for some other purpose.
Sometimes bags collected by rag pickers are
also used after washing them.
Use of such recycled plastic bags to keep
food items could be harmful for our health.
Q39. What are the merit and demerit of plastic?
It is durable
It is low cost.
It is water resistant.
It is light weight.
It is unbreakable.
It gives out harmful gases upon heating or
It is non-biodegradable.
If it is thrown carelessly on roads other
places, it gets into drains and sewer system and chokes the drains.
Q40. What can we do to minimise over use of plastics and deal
We can we do the following to minimise over use of plastics and deal with
We make a minimum use of plastic bags. We re-use the bags whenever it is
possible to do so without any adverse effects.
We insist shopkeepers use paper bags. We carry a cloth or a jute bag when we go
out for shopping.
We do not use plastic bags to store eatables.
We do not throw plastic bags here and there, after use.
We never burn plastic bags and other plastic items.
We do not put garbage in plastic bags and throw it away.
We use vermicomposting at home and deal with our kitchen waste usefully.
We recycle paper.
We use both sides of the paper to write. We use a slate for rough work. We use
blank sheets of paper left in our notebooks for rough work.
Q41. How can we make handmade paper?
Steps to make handmade paper
Tear the paper into small pieces. Put them
in a tub or a bucket and pour water in it.
Let the pieces of paper remain submerged in
water for a day. Make a thick paste of paper by pounding it.
Now, spread the wet paste on the wire mesh
fixed to the frame. Pat it gently to make the thickness of layer of the paste as
uniform as possible.
Wait till water drains off. Now, carefully
remove the layer of paste from the frame, spread it on a sheet of newspaper in
Keep the corners of the newspaper sheet
pressed by putting some weights so that these do not curl up.
Add food color, pieces of dry leaves or flower
petals or pieces of colored paper in the paste before spreading it so as to get
a recycled paper with beautiful patterns on it.