of the Government in Health
Q28. What the court said in Hakim Sheik’s case?
The Court said that the difficulty that Hakim Sheik had to face could have cost
him his life. If a hospital cannot provide timely medical treatment to a
person, it means that this protection of life is not being given. The
Court also said that it was the duty of the government to provide the necessary
health services, including treatment in emergency situations. Hospitals and
medical staff must fulfil their duty of providing the necessary treatment.
Hakim Sheik was denied treatment at various government hospitals. Therefore,
the Court asked the State Government to give him the money that he had spent on
Q29. What were the major changes made by Kerala government in
changes made by Kerala government in 1996 were:
Forty per cent of the entire state budget
was given to panchayats. They could plan and provide for their requirements.
This made it possible for a village to make
sure that proper planning was done for water, food, women’s development and
This meant that water supply schemes were
checked, the working of schools and anganwadis was ensured and specific
problems of the village were taken up.
Health centres were also improved.
Q30. Is adequate healthcare available to all?
No, adequate healthcare is not available to all. In India, we face a situation
where private services are increasing but public services are not. So, mainly
private services are available and that too are concentrated in urban areas. As
these services are expensive, many people cannot afford them or have to borrow
money when there is an illness in the family. Women are not taken
to a doctor in a prompt manner as women’s health concerns are considered to be
less important than the health of men in the family. Many
tribal areas have few health centres and they do not run properly. Even private
health services are not available.
Q31. What is health?
We can think of health in many ways. Health means our ability to remain free of
illness and injuries. But health isn’t only about disease. Apart from disease,
we need to think of other factors that affect our health. For example, if
people get clean drinking water or a pollution free environment they are likely
to be healthy. On the other hand, if people do not get adequate food to eat or
have to live in cramped conditions, they will be prone to illness. All
of us would like to be active and in good spirits in whatever we may be doing.
It isn’t healthy to be dull, inactive, anxious or scared for long stretches of time.
We all need to be without mental strain. All of these various aspects of our
lives are a part of health.
Q32. What are the positive aspects of healthcare in India?
Positive aspects of healthcare in India are:
India has the largest number of medical
colleges in the world and is among the largest producers of
Healthcare facilities have grown substantially
over the years. In 1991, there were 11,174 hospitals. In
2000, the number grew to 18,218.
India gets a large number of medical
tourists from many countries. They come for treatment in some of
the hospitals in India that compare with the best in the
India is the fourth largest producer of
medicines in the world and is also a large exporter of medicines.
Q33. What are the negative aspects of healthcare in India?
Negative aspects of healthcare in India are:
Most doctors settle in urban areas. People
in rural areas have to travel long distances to reach a
doctor. The number of doctors with respect to the population
less in rural areas.
About five lakh people die from
tuberculosis every year. This number is almost unchanged
Almost two million cases of malaria are
every year and this number isn’t decreasing.
Clean drinking water is not available to
Half of all children in India do not get
adequate food to eat and are undernourished.