of the Government in Health
Q18. What did the court ask the state government in Hakim Sheik
case and why?
Hakim Sheik was denied treatment at various government hospitals.
the Court asked the State Government to give him the money that he had spent on
Q19. How can we prevent and treat illnesses?
In order to prevent and treat illnesses we need appropriate healthcare
facilities such as health centres, hospitals, laboratories for testing, ambulance
services, blood banks, etc., that can provide the required care and services
that patients need.
Q20. What do village health workers do?
the village level there are health centres where there is usually a nurse and a
village health worker. They are trained in dealing with common illnesses and
work under the supervision of doctors at the Primary Health Centre (PHC).
Q21. Why government hospitals are less expensive as compared to
uses tax money for providing many public health services for the benefit of all
citizens. Therefore, government hospitals are less expensive. As
private health services are run for profit, the cost of these services is
Q22. In order to earn more money, these private services encourage
practices that are incorrect. Comment
order to earn more money, these private services encourage practices that are
incorrect. At times cheaper methods, though available, are not used. For
example, it is common to find doctors prescribing unnecessary medicines,
injections or saline bottles when tablets or simple medicines can suffice.
Q23. Why are poor people more likely to fall ill?
Those who are poor are in the first
place undernourished. These families are not eating as much as they should.
They are not provided basic necessities like drinking water, adequate housing, clean
surroundings, etc., and therefore, are more likely to fall ill. The expenses on
illness make their situation even worse.
Q24. What are the functions of public health system?
Functions of public health system are:
To provide quality health care services
either free or at a low cost, so that even the poor can seek treatment.
To take action to prevent the spread of
diseases such as TB, malaria, jaundice, cholera, diarrhoea,
Q25. What are the important aspects of public health system?
One of the most important aspects of the public health system is that it is
meant to provide quality health care services either free or at a low cost, so
that even the poor can seek treatment. Another important function of public health
is to take action to prevent the spread of diseases such as TB, malaria,
jaundice, cholera, diarrhoea, chikungunya, etc.
Q26. What are the different ways through which the government
can take steps to provide healthcare for all? Discuss.
can take following steps to provide healthcare for all.
By increasing healthcare facilities such as
hospitals, ambulance service, etc.
By organizing free health checkup camp
especially in rural and backward areas.
By spreading health related awareness among
Q27. ‘Improvement in water and sanitation can control many diseases.’
Explain with the help of examples.
Water and sanitation are the basic necessities for the maintenance proper
health. Use of contaminated water can cause disease such as cholera, skin
diseases and can also cause cancer, reproductive problems, typhoid and stomach
ailments. Sanitation is important for all, helping to maintain health and
increase life-spans. Poor sanitation causes infectious diseases including
cholera, typhoid, infectious hepatitis, polio, cryptosporidiosis, and
ascariasis. Thus, improvement in water and sanitation can control many diseases.