of the Government in Health
Q1. Fill in the blanks.
Most doctors settle in urban areas.
is utilised for relief and rehabilitation in case of natural disasters such as floods,
earthquakes, tsunami etc.
In private facilities, patients have
to pay a lot of money for every service that they use.
India is the fourth largest producer
of medicines in the world and is also a large exporter
India gets a large number of medical
tourists from many countries.
Ranjan got costly medical treatment. True
Private services are concentrated in rural
If people do not get adequate food to eat
or have to live in cramped conditions, they will be prone to illness. True
The private health service is a chain of
health centres and hospitals run by the government. False
Adequate healthcare is available to all in
Q3. Give some water borne diseases.
Example - diarrhoea, worms, hepatitis, etc.
Q4. What do you mean by public health?
It refers to the health of general public.
Q5. Who runs public health care system?
runs public health care system.
Q6. In what kind of hospital patients see long queues?
Patients usually have to see long queues in public hospitals.
Q7. What does RMPs stand for?
Registered Medical Practitioners (RMPs).
Q8. What do people in democratic country expect from the
In a democracy people expect the government to work for their welfare.
Q9. What do you mean by living standard?
standard refers to the quality of housing, material comfort,
and wealth experienced by an individual or group.
Q10. What are communicable diseases?
are diseases that are spread from one person to another in many ways such as
through water, food, air, etc.
Q11. What are the factors that affect our health?
Diseases, drinking water, adequate food, sanitation, environment and mental
health are the factors that affect our health.
Q12. Why did Hakim Sheikh and PBKMS file a case in the court?
Hakim Sheikh and PBKMS filed a case in the court because the indifferent attitude
of all the hospitals that refused to admit him.
Q13. What happened to Hakim Sheik?
One evening in 1992, Hakim Sheik accidentally fell off a running train and
suffered head injuries. He was in a very serious condition and needed immediate
Q14. What is OPD?
This is the short form for ‘Out Patient Department’. This is where people are
first brought in and treated in a hospital without being admitted to any
Q15. Why are women not taken to a doctor in a prompt manner?
Women are not taken to a doctor in a prompt manner because women’s health concerns
are considered to be less important than the health of men in the family.
Q16. What do you understand by public healthcare system?
This is a system of hospitals and health centres run by the government. It has
the ability to look after the health of a large section of its population
scattered over hundreds of thousands of villages.
Q17. What do you mean by medical tourists?
This refers to foreigners who come to this country specifically for medical
treatment at hospitals that offer world–class facilities at a lower cost than
what they would have to pay in their own countries.