Shirt in the Market
Q1. Fill in the blanks.
are mostly employed in the Impex garment factory.
The garment exporting factory exports the
shirts to foreign buyers.
A chain of markets links the producer
of cotton to the buyer at the supermarket.
The foreign businessperson made huge
profits in the market.
The trader keeps an account of the yarn
given and pays them money for weaving this into cloth. True
Most often, the big farmers need to borrow
money to meet their expenses. False
The weavers and their families spend long
hours working on the looms. True
Cultivation of cotton requires high levels
of inputs such as fertilisers and pesticides. True
Q3. You might have heard of cooperatives in your area. It could be
in milk, provisions, paddy, etc. Find out for whose benefit they were set up?
were set up for the benefit of its members.
Q4. In what ways are weavers
dependent on cloth merchants?
Weavers are dependent on cloth merchants both for raw materials and markets.
Q5. Did Swapna get a fair price on the cotton?
No, Swapna did not get a fair price on the cotton because local trader paid her
Q6. Who was Swapna?
Swapna was a small farmer in Kurnool (Andhra Pradesh) and grows cotton on her
small piece of land.
Q7. Why did Swapna borrow money from the local trader?
Swapna had borrowed money from the trader to buy seeds, fertilisers, pesticides
Q8. What do women workers do in the Impex garment factory?
They are employed as helpers for thread cutting, buttoning, ironing and
Q9. On what condition did the trader agree to give loan to
He agreed to give loan to Swapna on a condition that she would sell all her
cotton to him.
Q10. How garment exporting factories maximise their own profit?
maximise their own profits by getting maximum work from workers at lowest price
and supply the foreign buyers at cheap rates.
Q11. Why do you think more women are employed in the Impex garment
are employed in the Impex garment factory because they agree to work even at
the lowest possible wages.
Q12. What is putting-out arrangement?
It is an arrangement between the merchant and the weavers whereby the merchant
supplies the raw material and receives the finished product. It is prevalent in
the weaving industry in most regions of India.
Q13. What are the reasons that the businessperson is able to
make a huge profit in the market?
person do business strictly on their own terms. They demand the lowest prices
from the supplier and sells at higher rate to high income group.
Q14. Why did the trader pay Swapna a low price?
The trader had lent Swapna money at the beginning of the cropping season on a
condition that she would sell all her cotton to him. Thus, Swapna was in his
grip. The trader took advantage of this situation and paid her a low price.
Q15. Merchants hold lot of power. Explain
merchant distributes work among the weavers based on the orders he has received
for cloth. The weavers get the yarn from the merchant and supply him the cloth.
this dependence on the merchants both for raw materials and markets means that
the merchants have a lot of power.