Making of Regional Cultures
The region that constitutes most of
present-day Rajasthan was called Rajputana by the British. True
The Brahmins of Bengal were not allowed to
eat fish. False
Jagannatha temple is located in Punjab. False
Chaitanyadeva was the leader of the
Vaishnava bhakti movement. True
Q2. Fill in the blanks
Bengal is a riverine plain which produces
plenty of rice and fish.
The Lilatilakam, dealing with grammar and
poetics, was composed in Manipravalam.
the kingdom at Mahodayapuram.
Pir is a Persian word meaning
a spiritual guide.
Mangalakavyas literally means auspicious
King Anangabhima III dedicated his
kingdom to the deity and proclaimed himself as the “deputy” of the god.
Q3. Who were the Naths?
Naths were ascetics who engaged in a variety of yogic practices.
Q4. Who was Anantavarman?
Anantavarman was one of the most important rulers of the Ganga dynasty in the
Q5. What was called Rajputana by
the nineteenth century, the region that constitutes most of present-day
Rajasthan was called Rajputana by the British.
Q6. What do you understand by the term kathak?
The term kathak is derived from katha, a word used in Sanskrit and other
languages for story.
Q7. Who were the Kathaks?
Ans. The kathaks were originally a caste of
story-tellers in temples of north India, who embellished their performances
with gestures and songs.
Q8. What are miniatures?
are small-sized paintings, generally done in water colour on cloth or paper.
Q9. What distinguished Kangra painting from other paintings?
Soft colours including cool blues and greens, and a lyrical treatment of themes
distinguished Kangra painting.
Q10. Why do you think the second category of texts was not
The second category of texts was not written down because it was circulated
orally and cannot be precisely dated.
Q11. What does animism mean?
Animism refers to attribution of living soul to plants, inanimate objects, and
Q12. Who were the major patrons of Kathak?
The major patrons of Kathak were the Mughal emperors and their nobles and Wajid
Ali Shah, the last Nawab of Awadh.
Q13. What was the style of miniature that developed in Himachal
By the late seventeenth century this region had developed a bold and intense
style of miniature painting called Basohli.
Q14. Who built Jagannath temple at Puri?
of the most important rulers of the Ganga dynasty, Anantavarman built Jagannath
temple at Puri in the twelfth century.
Q15. What do terracotta plaques on the walls of temples and
Terracotta plaques on the walls of temples and viharas (Buddhist monasteries)
depict scenes of fish being dressed and taken to the market in baskets.
Q16. When was the Chera Kingdom established?
The Chera kingdom of Mahodayapuram was established in the ninth century in the
south-western part of the peninsula, part of present-day Kerala.
Q17. Whom did King Anangabhima III dedicate his kingdom to? What
did he proclaim himself?
In 1230, king Anangabhima III dedicated his kingdom to the deity and proclaimed
himself as the “deputy” of the god.