i. Tribal societies had rich oral traditions. True
ii. Pulaiyar and the Panars were the caste of barahamans. False
iii. Abhang is a Marathi devotional hymn. True
iv. Guru Granth Sahib, the holy scripture of the Hindu. False
v. All of Nanak’s compositions were compiled by Guru Arjan in 1604.True
vi. By the word "MAYA" Shankara meant illusion. True
vii. The doctrine of vishishtadvaita was propounded by sankracharya. False
i. Shankara was an advocate of Advaita.
ii. Ramanuja was influenced by the Alvars.
iii. Basavanna, Allama Prabhu and Akkamahadevi were advocates of Virashaivism.
iv. Pandharpur was an important centre of the Bhakti tradition in Maharashtra.
v. In the process, local myths and legends became a part of the Puranic stories.
vi. Alvars’ songs were compiled in the Divya Prabandham.
vii. Nayanars saints were devoted to Shiva and Alvars saints were devoted to Vishnu.
viii. Bhakti and Sufi movements have evolved since the eighth century.
Ans. Martin Luther
Ans. There were 12 Alvars.
Ans. There were 63 Nayanars.
Ans. Abhang is a Marathi devotional hymn.
Ans. Langar means common kitchen.
Ans. Vitthala is a form of Vishnu temple located in Pandharpur.
Ans. Guru Granth Sahib is the holy scripture of the Sikhs.
Ans. Sufis were Muslim mystics.
Ans. Ghazzali and Rumi
Ans. The sacred space created by Guru Nanak was known as dharmsal.
Ans. Tulsidas composed the Ramcharitmanas in Awadhi.
Ans. Muslim scholars developed a holy law called Shariat.
Ans. Hagiographies are religious biographies of the Alvars and Nayanars.
Ans. Namghars are houses of recitation and prayer, a practice that continues to date.
Ans. Sangam literature
Ans. There are two sets of compilations of their songs – Tevaram and Tiruvacakam.
Ans. Khanqah or hospice means house of rest for travellers, especially one kept by a religious order.
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