Topic outline

    • Tribes, Nomads and Settled Communities

      Q1. True/False

                               i.        Tribal societies had rich oral traditions. True

                              ii.        There were no tribal communities in the northwestern part of the subcontinent. False

                             iii.        Barhots were made up of 12 villages each. True

                             iv.        The chaurasi in Gond states contained several cities. False

                              v.        In the western Himalaya lived the shepherd tribe of Gaddis. True

                             vi.        The Bhils lived in the north-eastern part of the subcontinent. False

               vii.        Ahoms also introduced new methods of rice cultivation. True

               viii.        According to Akbar Nama, the Gond kingdom of Garha Katanga had 70,000 villages. True


      Q2. Fill in the blanks

                              i.        The new castes emerging within varnas were called jatis.

                             ii.        The Gonds practised shifting cultivation.

                            iii.        Buranjis were historical works written by the Ahoms.

                            iv.        The Akbar Nama mentions that Garha Katanga had 70,000 villages.

                             v.        As tribal states became bigger and stronger, they gave land grants to poets and scholars.

                             vi.        Aman Das, the Gond raja of Garha Katanga, assumed the title of Sangram Shah.

               vii.        The Gonds lived in a vast forested region called Gondwana.

               viii.        The Gonds kingdom was divided into garhs.

                             ix.        Ahom society was divided into clans or khels.

      Q3. Who controlled garh?

      Ans. Each garh was controlled by a particular Gond clan.


      Q4. Who were specialised artisans?

      Ans. Specialised artisans include smiths, carpenters and masons.


      Q5. Who was Chandra Shah?

      Ans. Chandra Shah was uncle of Bir Narain.


      Q6. What is the meaning of 'bhuiyans'?

      Ans. Landlords


      Q7. Where does the Kutiya Kond tribe live?

      Ans. Kutiya Kond tribe lives in Orissa.


      Q8. What do you understand by tanda?

      Ans. Caravan of banjaras was called tanda.

      Q9. Name the shepherd tribe of the Western Himalayas.

      Ans. Gaddis


      Q10. What was buranjis?

      Ans. Historical works was known as buranjis.


      Q11. Who was the chief of Gakkhar tribe?

      Ans. Kamal Khan Gakkhar was the chief of Gakkhar tribe.


      Q12. Which tribe was powerful in north-west?

      Ans. The Balochis tribe was powerful in the north-west.


      Q13. Who were the most important trader nomads?

      Ans. The Banjaras were the most important trader nomads.


      Q14. When did the Mughals forces attack Garha Katanga?

      Ans. In 1565, the Mughal forces under Asaf Khan attacked Garha Katanga.

      Q15. Why did Mughals attack Ahom kingdom?

      Ans.  In 1662, the Mughals under Mir Jumla attacked the Ahom kingdom.


      Q16. Who was made a noble (mansabdar) by Emperor Akbar?

      Ans. Kamal Khan Gakkhar was made a noble (mansabdar) by Emperor Akbar.


      Q17. What made the brahmanas more influential in the Gond society?

      Ans. Brahmanas received land grants from the Gond rajas and became more influential.


      Q18. Name the tribes which lived in extreme south.

      Ans. Further south there were large tribal populations of Koragas, Vetars, Maravars and many others.


      Q19. Who subjugated the Cheros?

      Ans. Under Aurangzeb, Mughal forces captured many Chero fortresses and subjugated the tribe.


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