i. Tribal societies had rich oral traditions. True
ii. There were no tribal communities in the northwestern part of the subcontinent. False
iii. Barhots were made up of 12 villages each. True
iv. The chaurasi in Gond states contained several cities. False
v. In the western Himalaya lived the shepherd tribe of Gaddis. True
vi. The Bhils lived in the north-eastern part of the subcontinent. False
vii. Ahoms also introduced new methods of rice cultivation. True
viii. According to Akbar Nama, the Gond kingdom of Garha Katanga had 70,000 villages. True
i. The new castes emerging within varnas were called jatis.
ii. The Gonds practised shifting cultivation.
iii. Buranjis were historical works written by the Ahoms.
iv. The Akbar Nama mentions that Garha Katanga had 70,000 villages.
v. As tribal states became bigger and stronger, they gave land grants to poets and scholars.
vi. Aman Das, the Gond raja of Garha Katanga, assumed the title of Sangram Shah.
vii. The Gonds lived in a vast forested region called Gondwana.
viii. The Gonds kingdom was divided into garhs.
ix. Ahom society was divided into clans or khels.
Ans. Each garh was controlled by a particular Gond clan.
Ans. Specialised artisans include smiths, carpenters and masons.
Ans. Chandra Shah was uncle of Bir Narain.
Ans. Kutiya Kond tribe lives in Orissa.
Ans. Caravan of banjaras was called tanda.
Ans. Historical works was known as buranjis.
Ans. Kamal Khan Gakkhar was the chief of Gakkhar tribe.
Ans. The Balochis tribe was powerful in the north-west.
Ans. The Banjaras were the most important trader nomads.
Ans. In 1565, the Mughal forces under Asaf Khan attacked Garha Katanga.
Ans. In 1662, the Mughals under Mir Jumla attacked the Ahom kingdom.
Ans. Kamal Khan Gakkhar was made a noble (mansabdar) by Emperor Akbar.
Ans. Brahmanas received land grants from the Gond rajas and became more influential.
Ans. Further south there were large tribal populations of Koragas, Vetars, Maravars and many others.
Ans. Under Aurangzeb, Mughal forces captured many Chero fortresses and subjugated the tribe.
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