Traders and Craftspersons
We know the name of the architect of the Rajarajeshvara
temple from an inscription. True
Merchants preferred to travel individually rather
than in caravans. False
Traders formed guilds to protect their interests.
Kabul was a major centre for trade in elephants.
Ajmer (Rajasthan) was the capital of the Chauhan
kings in the twelfth century. True
Surat was an important trading port on the Bay
of Bengal. False
The “white” rulers occupied the superior residencies
of Fort St George in Madras or Fort St William in Calcutta. True
The fort at Masulipatnam was built by the
Q2. Fill in the blanks
The Rajarajeshvara temple was built in the
early eleventh century.
Ajmer is associated with the Sufi saint Khwaja
Hampi was the capital of the Vijayanagara
The Dutch established a settlement at Masulipatnam
in Andhra Pradesh.
Pilgrims who flocked to the temples also
Bronze is an alloy containing copper
Rulers built temples to demonstrate their devotion
to various deities.
Q3. What was the other name of "Saliyar" community?
Q4. Who was Christopher Columbus?
Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer.
Q5. Who was Jean Baptist Tavernier?
Baptiste Tavernier was a diamond merchant.
Q6. What do the ruins of hampi reveal?
magnificent ruins at Hampi reveal a well-fortified city.
Q7. Which technique was used to make the Chola bronze statues?
Chola bronze statues were made using the “lost wax” technique.
Q8. From where did Gujarati Traders bring gold and ivory?
They brought gold and ivory from Africa.
Q9. When did Vasco de Gama reach Calicut?
de Gama reached Calicut in 1498.
Q10. What was the capital of the ancient Chola kingdom?
Thanjavur was the capital of the ancient Chola kingdom.
Q11. How was water supplied to the city of Thanjavur?
Water supply for the city of Thanjavur comes from wells and tanks.
Q12. How did temple authorities use their wealth?
authorities used their wealth to finance trade and banking.
Q13. What is bell metal?
metal contains a greater proportion of tin than other kinds of bronze.
Q14. Name two famous guilds of south India from the eighth
Q15. How did European gain control
of the sea route?
Companies used their naval power to gain control of the sea trade.
Q16. What is emporium?
Emporium is a place where goods from diverse
production centres are bought and sold.
Q17. Name the regions with whom the "guilds" of South
India mostly traded.
guilds traded extensively both within the peninsula and with Southeast Asia and
Q18. Who lived in the “Black Towns” in cities such as Madras?
and artisans (such as weavers) lived in the “Black Towns” in cities such as
Q19. What is Bidri?
The craftspersons of Bidar were so famed for their inlay work in copper and
silver that it came to be called Bidri.
Q20. Why has Surat called the gate to mecca?
has also been called the gate to Mecca because many pilgrim ships set sail from