Q31. How did a temple communicate the importance of a king?
Why temples were built by rulers?
were beautifully constructed because they were places of worship. They
were also meant to demonstrate the power, wealth and devotion of the patron. As
each new dynasty came to power, kings wanted to emphasise their moral right to
be rulers. Constructing places of worship provided rulers with the chance to proclaim
their close relationship with God, especially important in an age of rapid
Q32. Construction of Rajarajeshvara temple was not easy. Give
The Rajarajeshvara temple at Thanjavur had the tallest shikhara amongst temples
of its time. Constructing it was not easy because there were no cranes in those
days and the 90 tonne stone for the top of the shikhara was too heavy to lift
manually. So the architects built an inclined path to the top of the temple, placed
the boulder on rollers and rolled it all the way to the top. The path started
more than 4 km away so that it would not be too steep. This was dismantled
after the temple was constructed.
Q33. Write about shah Jahan audience hall.
Jahan’s audience halls were specially constructed to resemble a mosque. The
pedestal on which his throne was placed was frequently described as the qibla,
the direction faced by Muslims at prayer, since everybody faced that direction
when court was in session. The idea of the king as a representative of God on
earth was suggested by these architectural features. The
construction of Shah Jahan’s audience hall aimed to communicate that the king’s
justice would treat the high and the low as equals creating a world where all
could live together in harmony.
Q34. Write a short note on the Kandariya Mahadeva temple?
Kandariya Mahadeva Temple
The Kandariya Mahadeva temple dedicated to
Shiva was constructed in 999 by the king Dhangadeva of the Chandela dynasty.
An ornamented gateway led to an entrance,
and the main hall (mahamandapa) where dances were performed.
The image of the chief deity was kept in
the main shrine (garbhagriha). This was the place for ritual worship where only
the king, his immediate family and priests gathered.
Q35. An inscription in Shah Jahan’s diwan-i khas in Delhi stated:
“If there is Paradise on Earth, it is here, it is here, it is here.” How was
this image created?
Shah Jahan’s audience halls were specially constructed to resemble a mosque.
The pedestal on which his throne was placed was frequently described as the
qibla, the direction faced by Muslims at prayer, since everybody faced that
direction when court was in session. The idea of the king as a representative
of God on earth was suggested by these architectural features. Construction of
diwan-i-khas reflected the image of paradise in itself.
Q36. Mughal rulers were particularly skilled in adapting
regional architectural styles in the construction
of their own buildings. Explain.
rulers were particularly skilled in adapting regional architectural styles in
the construction of their own buildings. In Bengal, for example,
the local rulers had developed a roof that was designed to resemble a thatched
hut. The Mughals liked this “Bangla dome” so much that they used it in their architecture.
The impact of other regions was also evident. In Akbar’s capital at Fatehpur
Sikri many of the buildings show the influence of the architectural styles of
Gujarat and Malwa.
Q37. What is gothic architecture?
From the twelfth century onwards, attempts began in France to build churches
that were taller and lighter than earlier buildings. This architectural style,
known as Gothic, was distinguished by high pointed arches, the use of stained
glass, often painted with scenes drawn from the Bible, and flying buttresses.
Tall spires and bell towers which were visible from a distance were added to
the church. One of the best-known examples of this architectural style is the
church of Notre Dame in Paris, which was constructed through several decades in
the twelfth and thirteenth centuries.