in the Deserts
Q37. Write a short note on flora and fauna of Sahara desert.
Vegetation in the Sahara desert includes cactus, date palms and acacia. In some
places there are oasis – green islands with date palms surrounding them.
Camels, hyenas, jackals, foxes, scorpions, many varieties of snakes and lizards
are the prominent animal species living there.
Q38. What mainly attracts tourists to Ladakh?
Ans. Tourism is a major activity with several
tourists streaming in from within India and abroad. Visits to the gompas, treks
to see the meadows and glaciers, witnessing ceremonies and festivities are
important activities. Some famous monasteries such as Hemis, Thiksey, Shey and
Lamayuru also attract the tourists.
Q39. What are the summer and winter activities of the people of
In the summer season the people are busy cultivating barley, potatoes, peas,
beans and turnip. The climate in winter months is so harsh that people keep
themselves engaged in festivities and ceremonies. The women are very hard
working. They work not only in the house and fields, but also manage small
business and shops.
Q40. Write a short note on flora and fauna of Ladakh desert.
Flora and Fauna of Ladakh desert
Due to high aridity, the vegetation is
sparse. There are scanty patches of grasses and shrubs for animals to graze.
Groves of willows and poplars are seen in the valleys.
During the summers, fruit trees such as
apples, apricots and walnuts bloom. Several species of birds are sighted in
Ladakh. Robins, redstarts, Tibetan snowcock, raven and hoopoe are common.
The animals of Ladakh are wild goats, wild
sheep, yak and special kinds of dogs.
Q41. What are the climatic conditions of the Ladakh desert?
Climatic conditions of the Ladakh desert
The altitude in Ladakh varies from about
3000m in Kargil to more than 8,000m in the Karakoram. Due to its high altitude,
the climate is extremely cold and dry. The air at this altitude is so thin that
the heat of the sun can be felt intensely.
The day temperatures in summer are just
above zero degree and the night temperatures well below –30°C. It is freezing
cold in the winters when the temperatures may remain below –40°C for most of
As it lies in the rain shadow of the
Himalayas, there is little rainfall, as low as 10 cm every year. The area
experiences freezing winds and burning hot sunlight.
Q42. Write about the people of Sahara desert?
People of Sahara desert
The Sahara desert despite its harsh climate
has been inhabited by various groups of people, who pursue different
Among them are the Bedouins and Tuaregs.
These groups are nomadic tribes rearing livestock such as goats, sheep, camels
and horses. They wear heavy robes as protection against dust storms and hot
The oasis in the Sahara and the Nile Valley
in Egypt supports settled population. Since water is available, the people grow
date palms. Crops such as rice, wheat, barley and beans are also grown.
Egyptian cotton, famous worldwide is grown in Egypt.
The cultural landscape of the Sahara is
undergoing change. Tuaregs are seen acting as guides to foreign tourists. More
and more nomadic herdsmen are taking to city life finding jobs in oil and gas