Topic outline

    • Human Environment-Settlement, Transport and Communication

      Q1. Fill in the blanks.

                              i.        Diesel and electric engines have largely replaced the steam engines.

                             ii.        Settlements can be permanent or temporary.

                            iii.        Thick mud walled houses with thatched roofs are very common in areas of hot climate.

                            iv.        Transport is the means by which people and goods move.

                             v.        The plains have a dense network of roads.


      Q2. True/False

                              i.        The plains have a dense network of roads. True

                             ii.        Bus does not pollute the environment. False

                            iii.        Early human beings depended entirely on nature for food, clothing and shelter. True

                            iv.        Andes Mountains is in North America. False

                             v.        The satellites have made communication even faster. True

      Q3. Which Asian country has the largest railway network?

      Ans. India


      Q4. Which type of road is constructed under the ground?

      Ans.  Subways


      Q5. Which mode of transport is most suitable to reach an island?

      Ans. Ship


      Q6. What do you understand by the term ‘settlement’?

      Ans. Settlements are places where people build their homes.


      Q7. What do you understand by communication?

      Ans. Communication is the process of conveying messages to others.


      Q8. Why air travel is so expensive?

      Ans. Air travel is so expensive due to high cost of fuels.

      Q9. What is site?

      Ans. The place where a building or a settlement develops is called its site.


      Q10. Which cities are linked by the Golden Quadrilateral?

      Ans. The Golden Quadrilateral connects Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata.


      Q11. What do people practice in temporary settlements?

      Ans. They practice hunting, gathering, shifting cultivation and transhumance.


      Q12. What are the materials used in building houses in rural areas?

      Ans. Local materials like stones, mud, clay, straw etc. are used to construct houses.


      Q13. Name some animals used for carrying goods in India.

      Ans. Animals used for carrying goods in India are donkeys, mules, bullocks and camels.


      Q14. Why did the early settlements grow near river valley?

      Ans. The settlements grew near the river valleys as water was available and land was fertile.

      Q15. What are called temporary settlements?

      Ans.  Settlements which are occupied for a short time are called temporary settlements.


      Q16. What are the four means of transport?

      Ans. The four major means of transport are roadways, railways, waterways and airways.


      Q17. What is compact settlement?

      Ans. A compact settlement is a closely built area of dwellings, wherever flat land is available.


      Q18. Which is the highest roadway in the world?

      Ans. Manali-Leh highway in the Himalayan Mountains is one of the highest roadways in the world.


      Q19. Which are the activities practiced by the rural people?

      Ans. Activities practiced by the rural people agriculture, fishing, forestry, crafts work and trading etc.


      Q20. How human settlements became larger?

      Ans. With the development of trade, commerce and manufacturing, human settlements became larger.