i. Diesel and electric engines have largely replaced the steam engines.
ii. Settlements can be permanent or temporary.
iii. Thick mud walled houses with thatched roofs are very common in areas of hot climate.
iv. Transport is the means by which people and goods move.
v. The plains have a dense network of roads.
i. The plains have a dense network of roads. True
ii. Bus does not pollute the environment. False
iii. Early human beings depended entirely on nature for food, clothing and shelter. True
iv. Andes Mountains is in North America. False
v. The satellites have made communication even faster. True
Ans. Settlements are places where people build their homes.
Ans. Communication is the process of conveying messages to others.
Ans. Air travel is so expensive due to high cost of fuels.
Ans. The place where a building or a settlement develops is called its site.
Ans. The Golden Quadrilateral connects Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata.
Ans. They practice hunting, gathering, shifting cultivation and transhumance.
Ans. Local materials like stones, mud, clay, straw etc. are used to construct houses.
Ans. Animals used for carrying goods in India are donkeys, mules, bullocks and camels.
Ans. The settlements grew near the river valleys as water was available and land was fertile.
Ans. Settlements which are occupied for a short time are called temporary settlements.
Ans. The four major means of transport are roadways, railways, waterways and airways.
Ans. A compact settlement is a closely built area of dwellings, wherever flat land is available.
Ans. Manali-Leh highway in the Himalayan Mountains is one of the highest roadways in the world.
Ans. Activities practiced by the rural people agriculture, fishing, forestry, crafts work and trading etc.
Ans. With the development of trade, commerce and manufacturing, human settlements became larger.
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