Ans. Once in power, the Nazis quickly began to implement their dream of creating an exclusive racial community of pure Germans by physically eliminating all those who were seen as ‘undesirable’ in the extended empire. Nazis wanted only a society of ‘pure and healthy Nordic Aryans. They alone were considered ‘desirable. This meant that even those Germans who were seen as impure or abnormal had no right to exist. Jews were not the only community classified as undesirable. There were others. Many Gypsies and blacks living in Nazi Germany were considered as racial inferiors who threatened the biological purity of the superior Aryan race. They were widely persecuted. Even Russians and Poles were considered subhuman, and hence undeserving of any humanity.
Ans. The steps taken against the Jews between 1933–1939 were as follows:
The Nuremberg Laws of citizenship of September 1935 was passed which had following clauses:
Other legal measures included:
Ans. The Weimar constitution had some inherent defects, which made it unstable and vulnerable to dictatorship. The defects were:
Within its short life, the Weimar Republic saw twenty different cabinets lasting on an average 239 days, and a liberal use of Article 48. People lost confidence in the democratic parliamentary system, which seemed to offer no solutions.
Ans. Impact of the economic crisis of 1923 on Germany
Ans. Ideology of the Hitler
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