Q24. Against whom did France declare a war in 1792?
Ans. The National Assembly voted in April 1792 to
declare war against Prussia and Austria.
Q25. Why was bastille hated by all in France?
was hated by all, because it stood for the despotic power of the king.
Q26. When was French declared as republic?
Ans. On 21 September 1792 it abolished the monarchy
and declared France a republic.
Q27. When did Louis XVI call together an assembly of the Estates
General to pass proposals for new taxes?
5 May 1789, Louis XVI called together an assembly of the Estates General to
pass proposals for new taxes.
Q28. What is ‘guillotine’ and who invented it?
Ans. The guillotine is a device consisting of two
poles and a blade with which a person is beheaded. It was named after Dr
Guillotin who invented it.
Q29. Who stormed the bastille the fortress prison during the
last years of 18th century?
Ans. A group of several hundred people marched towards
the eastern part of the city and stormed the fortress-prison, the Bastille.
Q30. Which section of society in France got political rights by
the constitution of 1791?
Ans. Constitution of 1791 gave political rights only
to the richer sections of society.
Q31. Who enjoyed certain privileges by birth in French society
during the late eighteenth century?
Ans. The members of the first two estates, that is,
the clergy and the nobility, enjoyed certain privileges by birth.
Q32. Name the political body to which the three estates of French
society sent their representatives.
Ans. The Estates General was a political body to which
the three estates sent their representatives.
Q33. Highlight the three laws enforced by Napoleon to modernize
Mention any three laws enforced by Napoleon to modernize France.
Ans. He introduced many laws such as the protection of
private property and a uniform system of weights and measures provided by the
Q34. Who in France was given the status of active citizens?
Ans. Only men above 25 years of age who paid taxes
equal to at least 3 days of a labourer’s
wage were given the status of active citizens, that is, they were entitled to
Q35. Name the philosopher who proposed a division of power
between the legislature, the executive and the judiciary.
Ans. In The Spirit of the Laws, Montesquieu proposed a
division of power within the government between the legislative, the executive
and the judiciary.
Q36. When was the bastille prison attacked by the people and
Ans. On the morning of 14 July 1789, a group of
several hundred people marched towards the eastern part of the city and stormed
the fortress-prison, the Bastille, where they hoped to find hoarded ammunition.
Q37. Describe the status of nobles in France before the Revolution.
Ans. The nobles enjoyed certain privileges by birth.
The most important of these was exemption from paying taxes to the state. The
nobles further enjoyed feudal privileges. These included feudal dues, which
they extracted from the peasants.
Q38. Why were women disappointed by the constitution of 1791 in
Ans. One of women’s main demands was that women enjoy
the same political rights as men. Women were disappointed that the Constitution
of 1791 reduced them to passive citizens. They demanded the right to vote, to
be elected to the Assembly and to hold political office.