Topic outline

    • The French Revolution

      Q1. Fill in the blanks.

                                i.        On the morning of 14 July 1789, the city of Paris was in a state of alarm.

                               ii.        The Marseillaise is the national anthem of France composed by the poet Roget de L’Isle.

                              iii.        Louis XVI was executed publicly at the Place de la Concorde.

                              iv.        Olympe de Gouges wrote a Declaration of the Rights of Woman and Citizen.

                               v.        The slave trade began in the seventeenth century.

                              vi.        The burden of financing activities of the state through taxes was borne by the third estate alone.

               vii.        Louis XVI was sentenced to death by a court on the charge of treason.

               viii.        Rousseau proposed a form of government based on a social contract between people and their representatives.

                             ix.        Locke sought to refute the doctrine of the divine and absolute right of the Monarch.

                              x.        Jacobins came to be known as the sans-culottes.


      Q2. When did France become constitutional monarchy?

      Ans. 1791


      Q3. What form of government was in practice in France in 1789?

      Ans. Monarchy

      Q4. When did the French Revolution break?

      Ans. 14 July 1789


      Q5. Which term was used in France for newly elected assembly in 1791?

      Ans. National Assembly


      Q6. Write the name of any prominent revolutionary woman of France.

      Ans. Olympe de Gouges


      Q7. Who followed the policy of severe control and punishment in France?

      Ans. Robespierre


      Q8. Name the tax which was paid directly to the state in France.

      Ans. Taille


      Q9. In which year slavery was finally abolished in France?

      Ans. Slavery was finally abolished in French colonies in 1848.


      Q10. Who wrote the book two treatises of government?

      Ans. John Locke wrote the book ‘Two Treatises of Government’.


      Q11. On which date the agitated crowd of France stormed and destroyed the Bastille.
      When did the agitated crowd of France destroy the Bastille?

      Ans. 14th July, 1789


      Q12. What was the main object of national assembly in France while drafting the constitution in 1791?

      Ans. Its main object was to limit the powers of the monarch.


      Q13. Who was the ruler of France in 1789?

      Ans. Louis XVI was the ruler of France in 1789.


      Q14. What does a sceptre stand for?

      Ans. Sceptre stands for symbol of royal power.

      Q15. What sort of clothes were worn by the Jacobins?

      Ans. long striped trousers and red cap


      Q16. Who wrote the book ‘The Social Contract’?

      Ans. Rousseau wrote the book ‘The Social Contract’.


      Q17. In which book Rousseau mention the idea of one person, one vote?

      Ans. The social contract


      Q18. Who was defeated in the battle of waterloo?

      Ans. Napoleon Bonaparte


      Q19. Who wrote the spirit of the laws?

      Ans. Montesquieu wrote ‘The Spirit of the Laws’.


      Q20. Which period is referred to as the reign of terror?

      Ans. The period from 1793 to 1794 is referred to as the Reign of Terror.


      Q21. In which year French women got the right to vote?

      Ans. It was finally in 1946 that women in France won the right to vote.


      Q22. Between which three countries was triangular slave trade held?

      Ans. Triangular slave trade was held between Europe, Africa and the America.


      Q23. Which was the most revolutionary social reform of the Jacobin regime?

      Ans. One of the most revolutionary social reforms of the Jacobin regime was the abolition of slavery in the French colonies.

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