i. The blue colour is used for showing water bodies.
ii. A compass is used to find the main directions.
iii. Brown colour is used for showing mountains.
iv. A globe can be useful when we want to study the earth as a whole.
i. A scale is necessary for a map. True
ii. Direction is not a component of maps. False
iii. A physical map shows natural features of the earth. True
Ans. Thematic maps provide detailed information.
Ans. Thematic map shows distribution of forests.
Ans. When many maps are put together we get an Atlas.
Ans. There are three Components of Maps – distance, direction and symbol.
Ans. A globe can be useful when we want to study the earth as a whole.
Ans. The four intermediate directions are north-east (NE), southeast (SE), south-west (SW) and north-west (NW).
Ans. There are four major directions, North, South, East and West. They are called cardinal points.
Ans. Scale is the ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map.
Ans. It is an instrument used to find out main directions. Its magnetic needle always points towards north-south direction.
Ans. Maps showing natural features of the earth such as mountains, plateaus, plains, rivers, oceans etc. are called physical or relief maps.
Ans. Maps showing cities, towns and villages, and different countries and states of the world with their boundaries are called political maps.
Ans. Blue is used for showing water bodies, brown for mountain, yellow for plateau and green is used for plains.
Ans. Most maps contain an arrow marked with the letter ‘N’ at the upper right hand corner. This arrow shows the north direction. It is called the north line.
Ans. Some maps focus on specific information; such as road maps, rainfall maps, maps showing distribution of forests, industries etc. are known as thematic maps.
Ans. Symbols give a lot of information in a limited space. There is an international agreement regarding the use of these symbols. These are called conventional symbols.
Ans. A globe can be useful when we want to study the earth as a whole but when we want to study only a part of the earth, as about our country, states, districts, towns and villages, it is of little help. In such a situation we use maps.
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