i. The Frigid Zone lies near the Poles.
ii. The Antarctic Circle is located in the southern hemisphere.
iii. The Standard Meridian of India is 82½ degree east.
iv. The 0° Meridian is also known as Prime Meridian.
v. The southern half is known as the Southern Hemisphere.
i. Tropic of Capricorn in the Southern Hemisphere. True
ii. The distance between the longitudes decreases towards the poles. True
iii. The Arctic Circle is located in the southern hemisphere. False
iv. The northern half of the earth is known as the Southern Hemisphere. False
v. 90 degrees north latitude marks the North Pole and 90 degrees south latitude marks the South Pole. True
Ans. The value of the prime meridian is zero degree.
Ans. The latitudinal value of the Tropic of Cancer is 23½ degrees north.
Ans. Grid is a network of parallels of latitudes and meridians of longitudes.
Ans. The three heat zones of the Earth are Torrid Zone, Temperate Zones and Frigid Zones.
Ans. Earth is not a sphere. It is slightly flattened at the North and the South Poles and bulge in the middle.
Ans. Meridian which passes through Greenwich, where the British Royal Observatory is located is called the Prime Meridian.
Ans. An imaginary line running on the globe divides it into two equal parts. This line is known as the equator.
Ans. Globe is a true model (miniature form) of the earth. On the globe, countries, continents and oceans are shown in their correct size.
Ans. India located east of Greenwich at 82°30'E is 5 hours and 30 minutes ahead of GMT. So it will be 5:30 p.m. in India when it is 12:00 noon in London.
Ans. The mid-day sun is exactly overhead at least once a year on all latitudes in between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. This area, therefore, receives the maximum heat and is called the Torrid Zone.
Ans. In India, the longitude of 82.50° E (82° 30'E) is treated as the standard meridian. The local time at this meridian is taken as the standard time for the whole country. It is known as the Indian Standard Time (IST).
Ans. 10 degree north – Torrid Zone
25 degree south – South Temperate Zone
89 degree south – Frigid Zone
Download to practice offline.