Ans. The Ganga and the Brahmaputra form the world’s largest delta, the Sundarbans delta.
Ans. The delta is triangular in shape. It is an area of land formed at the mouth of the river.
Ans. The peninsula is a piece of land that is surrounded by water on three sides.
Ans. The rivers Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna and Kaveri drain into the Bay of Bengal.
Ans. In the western part of India lies the Great Indian Desert. It is a dry, hot and sandy stretch of land. It has very little vegetation.
Ans. A river or stream which contributes its water to a main river by discharging it into main river from either side.
Ans. Lakshadweep is known as a coral island because it is formed from skeletons of tiny marine animals called Polyps.
Ans. India shares its land boundaries with seven countries i.e. Pakistan, Nepal, China, Afghanistan, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar.
Ans. The western coastal plains are very narrow whereas the eastern Coastal plains are much broader.
Ans. The north-south extent from Kashmir to Kanyakumari is about 3,200 km. And the east-west extent from Arunachal Pradesh to Kuchchh is about 2,900 km.
Ans. From south to north, main land of India extends between 8°4'N and 37°6' N latitudes. From west to east, India extends between 68°7' E and 97°25' E longitudes.
Ans. Corals are skeletons of tiny marine animals called Polyps. When the living polyps die, their skeletons are left. Other poplyps grow on top of the hard skeleton which grows higher and higher, thus forming the coral islands.
Ans. India is a country of vast geographical expanse. In the north, it is bound by the lofty Himalayas. The Arabian Sea in the west, the Bay of Bengal in the east and the Indian Ocean in the south, wash the shores of the Indian peninsula.
Ans. India is a vast country. For administrative purposes, the country is divided into 28 States and 7 Union Territories. Delhi is the national capital. Punjab and Haryana have a common capital i.e. Chandigarh.
Ans. Northern plains are generally level and flat. These are formed by the alluvial deposits laid down by the rivers– the Indus, the Ganga, the Brahmaputra and their tributaries. These river plains provide fertile land for cultivation. That is the reason for high concentration of population in these plains.
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