Q19. How do you think Dr Ambedkar felt as a child, when he saw
the stationmaster's reaction to his statement that they were Mahars?
He was a little boy. He must have felt disheartened when he saw the
stationmaster's reaction to his statement that they were Mahars.
Q20. What stop people from looking
at each person as a unique individual?
Stereotypes stop people from looking at each person as a unique individual with
his or her own special qualities and skills that are different from others.
Q21. Who are seen as dirty or impure?
Activities like cleaning, washing, cutting hair, picking garbage are seen as
tasks that are of less value and people who do this work are seen as dirty or
Q22. Write one disadvantage of stereotypes?
Stereotypes fit large numbers of people into only one pattern or type. Stereotypes
affect all of us as they prevent us from doing certain things that we might
otherwise be good at.
Q23. Why does discrimination occur?
can take place because of several reasons. Diversity such as different
language, culture, status, economic background, religion etc. can also be a
source of discrimination.
Q24. India is a secular country. What does it means?
India is a secular country where people of different religions and faiths have
the freedom to practice and follow their religion without any fear of
discrimination. This is seen as an important element of our unity – that we all
live together and respect one other.
Q25. Give an example of prejudice.
For example, if we think English is the best language and other languages are
not important, we are judging these other languages negatively. As a result, we
might not respect people who speak languages other than English.
Q26. Write a short note on Dr Bhim Rao Ambedkar?
Dr Bhim Rao Ambedkar (1891-1956) is considered the father of the Indian
Constitution and is also the best known leader of the Dalits. Dr Ambedkar
fought for the rights of the Dalit community. He was born into the Mahar caste,
which was considered untouchable.
Q27. What are Dalits?
is a term that people belonging to so called lower castes use to address
themselves. They prefer this word to 'untouchable'. Dalit means
those who have been 'broken'. The government refers to this group of people as Scheduled
Q28. “Some people may experience both kinds of discrimination.”
Explain the statement.
Some people may experience both kinds of discrimination. They are poor and they
belong to groups whose culture is not valued. Tribals, some religious groups
and even particular regions, are discriminated against for one or more of these
Q29. Despite the children offering money the cartmen refused
Children belonged to the mahar community, which was treated as untouchables in
the Bombay Presidency. Though children were offering money but the cartmen
refused to carry them because not one of cartmen was prepared to suffer being
polluted and to demean himself carrying passengers of the untouchable classes.
Q30. Differentiate between inequality and discrimination.
Difference between inequality and discrimination
Inequality is the difference in social
status, wealth, or opportunity between people or groups.
Discrimination means treating or
considering, or making a distinction in favor of or against, a person or
thing based on the group, class, or category to which that person or thing
belongs rather than on individual merit.