i. Nirmala works in a garment factory.
ii. There are almost one crore 'street vendors' in the country working in urban areas.
iii. Street vending is now recognised as a general benefit and as a right of people to earn their livelihood.
iv. A large number of people in the city work on the streets.
v. Harpreet and Vandana are businesspersons.
i. Vandana is a dress designer. True
ii. Workers who work in offices, factories, and government departments are called casual workers. False
iii. Working in Call Centres is a new form of employment in the big cities. True
iv. Street shops are usually permanent structures. False
Ans. Call centres
Ans. Bachchu Manjhi is a Cycle-Rickshaw Puller.
Ans. Permanent shops need licence to do business.
Ans. Temporary workers go through threat of being fired by the employer.
Ans. Vending, hair cutting, shoe repairing, flower selling, newspaper selling etc.
Ans. There are more than five thousand towns and twenty seven big cities in
Ans. Municipal corporation authority issues licence to the permanent shops to do business.
Ans. The 'labour chowk' is a place where daily wage labourers wait with their tools for contractors to hire them.
Ans. The Municipal Corporation decides on which day of the week the market has to remain closed.
Ans. Bachchu Manjhi can’t live with his family because he stays with his friends in a rented room.
Ans. Street vending was till recently looked upon only as an obstruction to traffic and to people walking.
Ans. In a survey of Ahmedabad city it was found that 12 per cent of all the workers in the city were people working on the street.
Ans. Foreign companies set up Call Centres in India as they can get people who can speak English and will work for lower wages.
Ans. Big cities like Chennai, Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata etc. have more than a million people living and working there.
Ans. Small workshops and factories employ casual workers because they get large orders only during certain seasons.
Ans. Casual workers are not part of the permanent workforce, but supply services on an irregular or flexible basis, often to meet a fluctuating demand for work.
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