Topic outline

    • Rural Livelihoods

      Q1. Fill in the blanks.

                   i.        Ramalingam has twenty acres of paddy fields in Kalpattu.

                  ii.        Only 20 per cent of India's farmers are like Ramalingam.

                iii.        The people of Chizami village do 'terrace' cultivation.

                iv.        In India nearly two out of every five rural families are agricultural labourer families.

                 v.        People of Pudupet earn their living by fishing.


      Q2. True/False

                 i.        Thulasi earns Rs 40 per day. True

                ii.        Thulasi sold her cow to pay back the money she borrowed from Ramalingam for her daughter’s treatment. True

              iii.        Weaving is a farm activity. False

              iv.        Sekar has a hybrid cow, whose milk he sells in the local milk cooperative. True

               v.        Sekar takes loan from bank and buys seeds and fertilizers. False

      Q3. Where is the Chizami village located?

      Ans. Chizami village is in Phek district in Nagaland.


      Q4. How much land does Sekar have?

      Ans. Sekar owns only two acres of land.


      Q5. Fishermen go far into the sea. Why?

      Ans. Fishermen go far into the sea so that they can get a better catch.


      Q6. What is special about Chakhesang community?

      Ans. The people of Chakhesang community do 'terrace' cultivation.


      Q7. What is the main crop that is grown in Kalpattu village?

      Ans. Paddy is the main crop that is grown in Kalpattu village.


      Q8. How much land does Ramalingam have?

      Ans. He has twenty acres of paddy fields in Kalpattu.


      Q9. How do fishermen survive during the monsoon?

      Ans. During these months fishermen survive by borrowing from the trader.

      Q10. Why did Thulasi borrow money from Ramalingam?

      Ans. Thulasi borrowed money from Ramalingam for her daughter’s treatment.


      Q11. What kinds of work do agricultural labourers do?

      Ans. All of them depend on the work they do on other people's fields to earn a living.


      Q12. What work does Sekar do at Ramalingam’s rice mill?

      Ans. Sekar helps Ramalingam collect paddy from other farmers in the neighbouring villages.


      Q13. What are the important sources of livelihood for the people in rural areas?

      Ans. Apart from farming, many people in rural areas depend upon collection from the forest, animal husbandry, dairy produce, fishing etc.


      Q14. How does Sekar pay back the loan to traders?

      Ans. To pay back his loan he has to sell his paddy to the traders at a somewhat lower price than what he would get in the market.


      Q15. Why does Sekar need to earn some extra money?

      Ans. Whatever he earn from selling paddy last only for eight months. So he needs to earn some extra money.

      Q16. Why often farmers like Sekar needs to borrow money from moneylenders?

      Ans. Very often farmers like Sekar need to borrow money to purchase basic things like seeds, fertilisers and pesticides.


      Q17. What does Raman do when he gets no work on the farm?

      Ans. When there is no work on the farm he finds work outside, either loading sand from the river or stone from the quarry nearby.


      Q18. What does Ramalingam do with the paddy grown on his land?

      Ans. Ramalingam uses the paddy grown on his land to produce rice in his rice mill and sells the rice produced to traders in nearby towns.


      Q19. How Thulasi and her husband managed to pay back the loan to Ramalingam?

      Ans. They had to sell their cow to pay back the money they borrowed from Ramalingam for their daughter’s treatment.


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