Topic outline

    • Urban Administration

      Q33. Write a short note on contract workers who work for Municipal Corporation.

      Ans. These contract workers get paid less and their jobs are temporary. Collecting garbage is also quite a dangerous job and often these contract workers do not have any access to safety measures and are not taken care of if they are injured while working.


      Q34. Write a short note on ‘Sub-Contracting’.

      Ans. In order to save money the Commissioners of several municipalities across the country had hired private contractors to collect and process garbage. This is called Sub-Contracting. This means that the work that was earlier being done by government workers is now being done by a private company.

      Q35. Explain who is a ‘Municipal Councillor’?

      Ans. A Municipal Councillor is directly elected by the people and serves the people of his ward. He remains in touch with the key issues in his area, understand the crucial problems and monitor its development. He is the direct link between the council and the people. People can also bring their problems to him and he deals with the problem in a suitable way.


      Q36. What were the reasons for the spread of plague in Surat?

      Ans. Houses, hotels and restaurants would dump their garbage into the nearest drain or street which made it very difficult for sweepers to collect and transfer the garbage into selected dumps. In addition to this, the Municipal Corporation did not collect the garbage as often as it should have and this led to the situation getting worse. This condition caused spread of plague in Surat.


      Q37. What types of decisions are taken by Councillor’s Committees?

      Ans. The complicated decisions that affect the entire city are taken by groups of councillors who form committees to decide and debate issues. For example, if bus stands need to be improved or a crowded market-place needs to have its garbage cleared more regularly, or there is a 'nala' or drain that cuts through the city that needs cleaning etc. It is these committees for water, garbage collection, street lighting etc. that decide on the work to be done.

      Q38. How can we keep our surrounding clean?  

      Ans. We can keep our surrounding clean by doing the following:

                               i.        Don't Litter, throw waste in dustbin only.

                             ii.        Don't encourage spitting, immediately condemn people if found doing so.

                           iii.        Avoid usage of Plastic covers, plastic disposables.

                           iv.        Teach others about Cleanliness and Sanitation.

                             v.        Separate Dry waste and wet waste in your house, ease the work of municipality workers.


      Q39. How the work of Municipal Corporation affects the life of a city dweller?

      Ans. Municipal Corporation affects the life of a city-dweller in the following ways:

                              i.        It takes care of street lights, garbage collection, water supply etc.

                             ii.        It keeps the streets and the market clean.

                            iii.        It ensures that diseases do not break out in the city.

                            iv.        It runs schools, hospitals and dispensaries.

                              v.        It makes gardens and maintains them.

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