Q23. Write a short note on Panchayati Raj System.
Panchayati Raj System is a process through which people participate in their
own government. The Panchayati Raj system is the first tier or level of democratic
government. It extends to two other levels. One is the Block level, which is
called the Janpad Panchayat or the Panchayat Samiti. The Panchayat Samiti has
many Gram Panchayats under it. Above the Panchayat Samiti is the District Panchayat
or the Zila Parishad. Zila Parishad actually makes developmental
plans at the district level.
Q24. How is Gram Panchayat formed?
Every village Panchayat is divided into wards, i.e. smaller areas. Each ward
elects a representative who is known as the Ward Member (Panch). All the
members of the Gram Sabha also elect a Sarpanch who is the Panchayat President.
The Ward Panchs and the Sarpanch form the Gram Panchayat. The Gram Panchayat is
elected for 5 years. The Gram Panchayat has a Secretary who is also the
Secretary of the Gram Sabha.
Q25. What is
the role of the Gram Sabha?
Ans. Role of Gram Sabha
The Gram Sabha is a key factor in making
the Gram Panchayat play its role and be responsible.
It is the place where all plans for the
work of the Gram Panchayat are placed before the people.
The Gram Sabha prevents the Panchayat from
doing wrong things like misusing money or favouring certain people.
It plays an important role in keeping an
eye on the elected representatives and in making them responsible to the
persons who elected them.
Q26. Differentiate between Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat.
Difference between Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat
1. The Gram Sabha is a meeting of all adults
who live in the area covered by a Panchayat.
1. Gram Panchayat is the organization of
elected panchs by the members of Gram Sabha of the village. The head of the
Panchayat is known as “Sarpanch”.
2. Anyone who is 18 years old or more and
who has the right to vote is a member of the Gram Sabha.
2. The Ward Panchs and the Sarpanch form the
3. Gram Sabha is permanent body.
3. The Gram Panchayat is elected for five
short notes on:
The Gram Panchayat has a Secretary who is
also the Secretary of the Gram Sabha.
This person is not an elected person but is
appointed by the government.
The Secretary is responsible for calling
the meeting of the Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat and keeping a record of the
The head of the Gram Panchayat is the
He is also known as Panchayat President.
All members of the Gram Sabha elect the
He coordinates the activities of Gram
Q28. Do you
think the Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat play an important role in the Government?
Give reason to support your answer.
Ans. Panchs (ward members)
and Sarpanch are elected by the members of Gram Sabha. The
Ward Panchs and the Sarpanch form the Gram Panchayat. The Gram Panchayat is
elected for five years. The Gram Panchayat meets regularly to implement
development programmes for all villages that come under it. The work of the
Gram Panchayat has to be approved by the Gram Sabha. Gram Sabha and Gram
Panchayat are at village level and are capable of taking a more informed
decision in favor of the people of their village.
Q29. There is Central and State Government in our country. What
is the need for Panchayati Raj institution? Justify your answer.
The Panchayati Raj system bridges the gap between the central government and the
people in the rural areas. Each village has its own set of issues, which only
the locals can understand. Members of a Panchayat are far more familiar of the
region-specific problems, and thus they are capable of taking a more informed
decision in favor of the people of their village. Moreover, this mechanism of
local self-governance acts as a force to counter the dominance of a particular
group or caste in a village.
Q30. Explain the relationship between Gram Sabha and Gram
between Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat
Gram Panchayat is elected by Gram Sabha.
The work of the Gram Panchayat has to be
approved by the Gram Sabha.
Gram Panchayat is answerable to the members
of Gram Sabha.
Gram Sabha keeps watch on the working of
elected representatives of Gram Panchayat.
In some states, Gram Sabhas form committees
like construction and development committees. These committees include some
members of the Gram Sabha and some from the Gram Panchayat who work together to
carry out specific tasks.
Q31. Draw the structure of Panchayati Raj System.