Topic outline

    • Panchayati Raj

      Q12. How are decisions made by Gram Panchayat?

      Ans. All problems are kept before the people of the village and the Panchs. Problems are then discussed and finally decisions are taken by the Sarpanch.


      Q13. What problem did the women of Hardas village was facing?

      Ans. The water problem in Hardas has become very acute. There was hardly any water in the taps. Women have to go to the Suru River which is 3km. away to get water.


      Q14. What do you mean by Gram Sabha? Who is the member of the Gram Sabha?

      Ans. The Gram Sabha is a meeting of all adults who live in the area covered by a Panchayat. This could be only one village or a few villages. Anyone who is 18 years old or more and who has the right to vote is a member of the Gram Sabha.

      Q15. What are the main functions of the Zila Parishad?

      Ans. The main functions of the Zila Parishad are:

      1.   It makes developmental plans at the district level.

      2.   With the help of Panchayat Samitis, it also regulates the money distribution among all the Gram Panchayats.


      Q16. Describe the importance of the local government.

      Ans. It is through these local self-governments that the local problems can be considered and solved effectively. It also lessens the heavy responsibilities of the central and the state governments and establishes democracy in a wider context.


      Q17. Write the composition of a village Panchayat.

      Ans. Gram Panchayat is the organization of elected panchs (ward members) by the members of Gram Sabha of the village. It is a self-government organization. The head of the Panchayat is known as “Sarpanch”. The Gram Panchayat has a Secretary who is also the Secretary of the Gram Sabha.


      Q18. What is the need of Village Panchayat?

      Ans. The main objective behind the Panchayati Raj is that the people in the village should undertake the responsibilities of governing themselves. People in the villages should actively participate in the development activities regarding agriculture, irrigation, animal husbandry, public health, education, etc.

      Q19. Why committees are formed by Gram Sabha in some villages?

      Ans. In some states, Gram Sabha form committees like construction and development committees for the purpose of implementing certain schemes or programmes efficiently. These committees include some members of the Gram Sabha and some from the Gram Panchayat who work together to carry out specific tasks.


      Q20. What are the functions of the Gram Panchayat?

      Ans. Functions of the Gram Panchayat

            1.   The construction and maintenance of water sources, roads, drainage, school buildings and other common property resources.

            2.   Levying and collecting local taxes.

            3.   Executing government schemes related to generating employment in the village.


      Q21. What are the sources of funds for the Gram Panchayat?

      Ans. Sources of funds for the Gram Panchayat

            1.   Collection of taxes on houses, market places etc.

            2.   Government scheme funds received through various departments of the government – through the Janpad and Zila Panchayats.

            3.   Donations for community works etc.

      Q22. What problems were discussed in the meeting of the Gram Sabha?

      Ans. The Gram Sabha meeting begins with presenting a plan on repairing the road that connects the village to the main highway. After this, the discussion moves to the subject of water and water shortages. Finally, they discuss about the finalization of the BPL list, which has to be approved by the Gram Sabha.


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