Elements of a Democratic Government
Q39. “People participate by taking an interest in the working of
the government and by criticising it when required.” Explain the statement with
help of an example.
People participate by taking an interest in the working of the government and
by criticising it when required.
August 2005, when a particular government increased the money people had to pay
for electricity, people expressed their disapproval very sharply. They took out
rallies and also organised a signature campaign. The government tried to
explain and defend its decision but finally listened to the people's opinion
and withdrew the increase. The government had to change its decision because it
is responsible to the people.
Q40. “Rivers too can become a source of conflict between states.”
Rivers too can become a source of conflict between states. A river may begin in
one place, flow through another and end in a third. The sharing of river water
between different places that the river goes through is becoming an issue of conflict.
example: Cauvery water dispute between Karnataka and Tamil
Nadu. The water stored in Krishnasagar dam in Karnataka is used for irrigating
a number of districts and for meeting the needs of the city of Bangalore. The
water stored in Mettur dam in Tamil Nadu is used for crops grown in the delta
region of that state. A conflict arises because both dams are on the same
river. The downstream dam in Tamil Nadu can only be filled up if water is
released from the upstream one located in Karnataka. Therefore, both states
can't get as much water as they need for people in their states. This leads to
conflict. The central government has to step in and see that a fair
distribution is worked out for both states.
Q41. What actions does the government take to ensure that all
people are treated equally?
Steps to be taken by government
The government should ensure that the
constitutional provisions are implied in the country.
It should make provisions to provide equal
facilities to all classes of people and for promotion of education among girls
and economically backwards.
People from backward sections of the
society should be given reservation in government jobs and educational
institutions to help them improve their social status.
Any act of discrimination against the
untouchables should be considered as a punishable offence.
Q42. What are the various ways in which people participate in
the process of government?
There are various ways in which people participate in the process of government:
Through voting in elections people elect
leaders to represent them.
By taking an interest in the working of the
government and by criticising it when required.
People express their views through several
ways such as dharnas, rallies, strikes, signature campaigns, etc.
Newspapers, magazines and TV also play a
role in discussing government issues and responsibilities.
By organizing themselves into social
movements that seek to challenge the government and its functioning. Members of
the minority community dalits, adivasis, women and others are
often able to participate in this manner.