Topic outline

    • From Gathering to Growing Food 

      Q34. How did people become herders?

      Ans. In the following way people became herders.

                                i.        Women, men and children could also attract and then tame animals by leaving food for them near their shelters.

                               ii.        Later, people encouraged animals that were relatively gentle to come near the camps where they lived.

                             iii.        These animals such as sheep, goat, cattle and also the pig lived in herds, and most of them ate grass.


      Q35. List three ways in which the lives of farmers and herders would have been different from that of hunter-gatherers?


      farmers and herders


      1. They had to live at same place for longer period of time.

      1. They kept travelling from place to place.

      2. They grow crops and domesticated animals.

      2. They depended on animals for meat and used to gather food from the forest.

      3. They settled in hut and pit houses.

      3. They did not have a settled life.

      Q36. How did people become farmers?

      Ans. In the following way people became farmers.

                             i.        The climate of the world was changing, and so were plants and animals that people used as food.

                            ii.        Men, women and children probably observed several things: the places where edible plants were found, how seeds broke off stalks, fell on the ground, and new plants sprouted from them.

                            iii.        Perhaps they began looking after plants — protecting them from birds and animals so that they could grow and the seeds could ripen.


      Q37. What were the different activities performed by people in tribal societies?

      Ans. Members of a tribe follow occupations such as hunting, gathering, farming, herding and fishing. Usually, women do most of the agricultural work, including preparing the ground, sowing seeds, looking after the growing plants and harvesting grain. Children often look after plants, driving away animals and birds that might eat them. Women also thresh, husk, and grind grain. Men usually lead large herds of animals in search of pasture. Children often look after small flocks. The cleaning of animals and milking, is done by both men and women. Both women and men make pots, baskets, tools and huts. They also take part in singing, dancing and decorating their huts.


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