Gathering to Growing Food
Q34. How did people become herders?
In the following way people became herders.
Women, men and children could also attract
and then tame animals by leaving food for them near their shelters.
Later, people encouraged animals that were
relatively gentle to come near the camps where they lived.
These animals such as sheep, goat, cattle
and also the pig lived in herds, and most of them ate grass.
Q35. List three ways in which
the lives of farmers and herders would have been different from that of
1. They had to live at same place for
longer period of time.
1. They kept travelling from place to
2. They grow crops and domesticated
2. They depended on animals for meat and
used to gather food from the forest.
3. They settled in hut and pit houses.
3. They did not have a
Q36. How did people become farmers?
the following way people became farmers.
The climate of the world was changing, and
so were plants and animals that people used as food.
Men, women and children probably observed
several things: the places where edible plants were found, how seeds broke off
stalks, fell on the ground, and new plants sprouted from them.
Perhaps they began looking after plants —
protecting them from birds and animals so that they could grow and the seeds
Q37. What were the different activities
performed by people in tribal societies?
Members of a tribe follow occupations such as hunting, gathering, farming,
herding and fishing. Usually, women do most of the agricultural work, including
preparing the ground, sowing seeds, looking after the growing plants and
harvesting grain. Children often look after plants, driving away animals and
birds that might eat them. Women also thresh, husk, and grind grain. Men
usually lead large herds of animals in search of pasture. Children often look
after small flocks. The cleaning of animals and milking, is done by both men
and women. Both women and men make pots, baskets, tools and huts. They also
take part in singing, dancing and decorating their huts.