Paintings and Books
Q1. Fill in the blanks.
was a great astronomer.
Stories about gods and goddesses are found
in the Puranas.
is recognised as the author of the Sanskrit Ramayana.
and Manimekalai are two Tamil epics.
Both the Puranas and the Mahabharata are supposed
to have been compiled by Vyasa.
Stories from the Jatakas were often shown
on the railings of stupas and in paintings in places such as Ajanta.
The Mahabharata is about a war fought
between the Kauravas and Pandavas, who were cousins. True
Bhagavad Gita was included in the Ramayana.
Kannagi, the wife of Kovalan, mentioned in
the Silappadikara, destroyed the city of Madurai. True
Devotees walked around the stupa, in an anticlockwise
direction, as a mark of devotion. False
Q3. What does the word stupa mean?
word stupa means a mound.
Q4. Who wrote Ramayana?
Q5. Who composed Silapadikaram?
was composed by a poet named Ilango.
Q6. What was the capital of Kosala?
was the capital of Kosala.
Q7. What are the two great
sanskrit epics of India?
The two Sanskrit epics are Mahabharata and Ramayana.
Q8. Name two Tamil epics.
two Tamil epics are Silappadikaram and Manimekalai.
Q9. What do you understand by
is place in temples where people could assemble.
Q10. Who use to decide to build
the stupas and temples?
or queens decided to build these as it was an expensive affair.
Q11. What do you understand by the
is a place
where the image of the deity is installed.
Q12. What is Pradakshina patha?
patha is a circular path around the stupa.
Q13. In which language were
Puranas were written in simple Sanskrit verse.
Q14. Who wrote Meghaduta?
Q15. Where and by whom paper was
was invented in China about 1900 years ago, by a man named Cai Lun.
Q16. What colors were used in
Ajanta cave paintings?
colours used in Ajanta cave paintings were made of plants and minerals.
Q17. Whose name is inscribed on
the iron pillar at Mehrauli, Delhi?
is an inscription on the pillar mentioning a ruler named Chandra, who probably
belonged to the Gupta dynasty.
Q18. What is Bhitargaon Temple known
It is an early temple at Bhitargaon, Uttar Pradesh. This
was built about 1500 years ago, and was made of baked brick and stone.
Q19. What is Shikhara?
tower-like structure built on top of the garbhagriha, to mark this out as a
sacred place is known as the shikhara.
Q20. What are the various kinds of
There are several kinds of stupas, round and tall, big and small, these have
certain common features.