Kings and Pilgrims
Q40. Who was Gautamiputra Shri
Satakarni? How did we come to know about him?
most important ruler of the Satavahanas was Gautamiputra Shri Satakarni. We know
about him from an inscription composed by his mother, Gautami Balashri.
Q41. What is Bhakti? Who could
Bhakti is generally understood as a person’s devotion to his or her chosen
deity. Anybody, whether rich or poor, belonging to the so-called ‘high’ or
‘low’ castes, man or woman, could follow the path of Bhakti.
Q42. Why was silk so expensive?
was very expensive, as it had to be brought all the way from China, along
dangerous roads, through mountains and deserts. People living along the route
often demanded payments for allowing traders to pass through.
Q43. What were the main features
features of Bhakti
Those who followed the system of Bhakti
emphasised devotion and individual worship of a god or goddess, rather than the
performance of elaborate sacrifices.
According to this system of belief, if a
devotee worships the chosen deity with a pure heart, the deity will appear in
the form in which he or she may desire.
Q44. Write about the Chinese Buddhist
best-known of these are the Chinese Buddhist pilgrims, Fa Xian, who came to the
subcontinent about 1600 years ago, Xuan Zang (who came around 1400 years ago)
and I-Qing, who came about 50 years after Xuan Zang. They came to visit places associated
with the life of the Buddha as well as famous monasteries. Each
of these pilgrims left an account of his journey.
Q45. What kinds of evidence do historians use to find out about
trade and trade routes?
Fine pottery, especially bowls and plates, were found from several archaeological
sites throughout the subcontinent. Traders may have carried
them from the places where they were made, to sell them at other places.
India was famous for gold, spices, especially pepper, and precious stones.
Pepper was particularly valued in the Roman Empire, so much so that it was
known as black gold. So, traders carried many of these goods to Rome in ships,
across the sea, and by land in caravans. There must have been quite a lot of
trade as many Roman gold coins have been found in south India.
Q46. How did Buddhism grow during Kushana
during Kushana dynasty
The most famous Kushana ruler was Kanishka,
who ruled around 1900 years ago.
He organized a Buddhist council, where
scholars met and discussed important matters.
Ashvaghosha, a poet who composed a
biography of the Buddha, the Buddhacharita, lived in his court.
A new form of Buddhism, known as Mahayana
The worship of Bodhisattvas became very
popular, and spread throughout Central Asia, China, and later to Korea and