i. Sarnath, near Varanasi, where Buddha taught for the first time.
ii. The Buddha attained enlightenment at Bodh Gaya.
iii. Upanishadic thinkers believed that the atman and brahman were ultimately one.
iv. The Vinaya Pitaka is a Buddhist scripture.
v. Vardhamana Mahavira was a kshatriya prince of the Lichchhavis.
vi. The Buddha belonged to a small gana known as the Sakya gana.
vii. The Prakrit spoken in Magadha was known as Magadhi.
i. Gargi was the woman Upanishadic thinker who was famous for her learning. True
ii. Buddha taught people to be kind, and to respect the lives of others, including animals. True
iii. Buddha believed that karma do not affect our life. False
iv. The individual soul is referred to as brahman. False
v. The Buddha described cravings and desires as thirst or tanha. True
vi. Satyakama Jabala, who was named after his mother, the Brahmin woman Jabali. False
Ans. Zoroaster was an Iranian prophet.
Ans. Teachings of Zoroaster are contained in a book called the Avesta.
Ans. His birth name was Siddhartha Gautama.
Ans. Followers of Mahavira were known as Jainas.
Ans. Panini prepared grammar for Sanskrit.
Ans. This is a cave in Karle, present-day Maharashtra.
Ans. The word Jaina comes from the term Jina, Meaning conqueror.
Ans. Gautama Buddha was the founder of Buddhism.
Ans. He left the comforts of his home in search of knowledge.
Ans. He was accepted as a student by a brahmin teacher named Gautama.
Ans. Gautama Buddha died in the city of Kusinara (present day Kushinagar).
Ans. Siddhartha attained enlightenment under a peepal tree at Bodh Gaya in Bihar.
Ans. For twelve years Mahavira led a hard and lonely life, at the end of which he attained enlightenment.
Ans. Many of the ideas of the Upanishads were later developed by the famous thinker Shankaracharya.
Ans. Brahmins, kshatriyas, merchants, labourers, barbers, courtesans and slaves could join the sangha.
Ans. The teaching of Buddhism and Jainism were propagated in Prakrit language.
Ans. Four ashramas were recognised: brahmacharya, grihastha, vanaprastha and samnyasa.
Ans. The word “Sangha” literally means a community that joins and lives together.
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