i. ‘Rajas’ who let the ashvamedha horse pass through their lands were invited to the sacrifice.
ii. Archaeologists have found huts in the settlements of the janapadas.
iii. Pots to store grain were made out of Painted Grey Ware.
iv. Herders were also expected to pay taxes in the form of animals and animal produce.
v. Soldiers were paid regular salaries and maintained by the king throughout the year.
vi. Both the Buddha and Mahavira belonged to ganas or sanghas.
vii. Ajatasattu wanted to attack the Vajjis.
i. Priests performed the rituals including the sprinkling of sacred water. True
ii. Usually, the tax was fixed at 1/6th of what was produced. This was known as bhaga or a share. True
iii. The word kammakaras used for slave men and women. False
iv. Raja composed later Vedic books. False
v. Shudras had to serve the other three groups and could not perform any rituals. True
vi. In Magadha elephants were captured and used in army. True
Ans. Sangha means organisation or association.
Ans. Taxes was the source of income of Raja of Mahajanapadas.
Ans. Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras
Ans. Many rivers such as the Ganga and Son flowed through Magadha.
Ans. Gupta rulers conquered the last of the ganas or sanghas.
Ans. Vaishali (Bihar)
Ans. Ashvamedha means horse sacrifice.
Ans. Rajagriha (present-day Rajgir) is in Bihar.
Ans. The Samaveda, Yajurveda and Atharvaveda are the Later Vedic books.
Ans. Vassakara was the minister of Ajatasattu.
Ans. The word janapada literally means the land where the jana set its foot, and settled down.
Ans. Digha Nikaya is a famous Buddhist book, which contains some of the speeches of the Buddha. These were written down about 2300 years ago.
Ans. This was important for (a) transport, (b) water supplies (c) making the land fertile.
Ans. Women, dasas and kammakaras could not participate in these assemblies.
Ans. The priests divided people into four groups, called varnas. According to them, each varna had a different set of functions.
Download to practice offline.