i. The average weather taken over a long time is called the climate of the place.
ii. A place receives very little rainfall and the temperature is high throughout the year, the climate of that place will be hot and dry.
iii. The two regions of the earth with extreme climatic conditions are polar and tropical region.
iv. Climate of Kerala is very hot and wet.
v. All changes in the weather are caused by the sun.
i. Climate of Rajasthan is hot and dry. True
ii. A carnivore with stripes on its body moves very fast while catching its prey. It is likely to be found in Polar Regions. False
iii. The weather of a place changes day after day and week after week. True
iv. Elephants have long tails for grasping branches. False
v. Like polar bears, penguins are also good swimmers. True
Ans. Siberian crane
Ans. Humidity is a measure of the moisture in air.
Ans. Penguins huddle together to keep warm.
Ans. Weather changes frequently.
Ans. North eastern part of India has wet climate.
Ans. Rainfall is measured by an instrument called the rain gauge.
Ans. The climate of Jammu and Kashmir is moderately hot and wet.
Ans. Yes, days are shorter in winter than in summer.
Ans. Ability to camouflage helps an animal to protect it from predators.
Ans. The region that receives very little rainfall experiences hot and dry climate.
Ans. Animals found in rainforests are monkeys, apes, gorillas, tigers, elephants, leopards, lizards, snakes, birds and insects.
Ans. Birds, mammals, many types of fish, insects etc. migrate seasonally in search of more hospitable climates.
Ans. Polar bears, penguins, fishes, musk oxen, reindeers, foxes, seals, whales and birds are found in polar region.
Ans. The temperature, humidity, rainfall, wind speed, etc. are called the elements that determine the weather of a place.
Ans. The northeastern India receives rain for a major part of the year. Therefore, the climate of the north-east is wet.
Ans. A white fur, fat below skin and keen sense of smell are the features that help polar bears to live in extremely cold climate.
Ans. Special thermometers are used to record the maximum and minimum temperatures of the day called maximum and minimum thermometers.
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