Instead of the War Drum
About the passage
A. Read to understand
1. Choose the correct options.
Sanghamitra and her twin brother, Mahindra,
had been sent to Sri Lanka to
conquer new realms for Magadha.
help spread Buddhism.
build a stupa.
Ashoka’s edicts proclaim
Ashoka as the emperor of India.
Ashoka as Chand Ashoka.
Ashoka’s belief in the
Buddhist principles of dhamma.
The emperor was remorseful because
many of his soldiers had died in the battle
the battle had caused much more destruction
he had been responsible for
taking the lives of many individuals.
The king expected his subjects to
lead a vegetarian lifestyle.
respect each other’s religious beliefs.
spread the Buddha’s teachings to other
2. Answer the following questions.
What are Ashoka’s edicts, and why are they
Ans. In all,
thirty three inscriptions have been found on pillars, on boulders and in caves,
which were collectively referred to as Ashoka’s edicts. They are important
because the inscriptions proclaim Ashoka’s belief in the Buddhist principles of
Dhamma, or non-violence, and his intention to win over people by good deeds.
They also talk about his social efforts to protect his subjects, both humans
Why was Chand Ashoka a well-deserved
nickname for Ashoka?
Ashoka was a well-deserved nickname for Ashoka because he was a fierce and
Describe the incident that transformed
Ans. The bloody
and horrific war of Kalinga transformed the vengeful emperor Ashoka to a stable
and peaceful emperor and he became a patron of Buddhism.
What were the ways that Emperor Ashoka
adopted to avoid violence altogether?
Ans. After the Kalinga war he adopted Buddhism. He made it the
state religion. He banned hunting, drew up a list of protected animals, and
even urged his subjects to stop eating meat and turn vegetarian.
B. Read to infer
A tolerant person shows respect for the
rights, opinions, and practices of others. How was the battle of Kalinga an
example of Emperor Ashoka’s intolerant nature?
Ans. The battle of Kalinga was
an example of Emperor Ashoka’s intolerant nature because when Kalinga refused
to submit to him, he started the war against them. He was determined to make
Kalinga part of his kingdom.
Was he a tolerant king after the battle of
Kalinga? Give reasons for your answer.
proved to be a tolerant monarch who, although himself a Buddhist, never sought
to impose his personal religion on his subjects. In his twelfth major Rock
Edict, he states that in honouring of other sects lies the honour of one’s own
The battle of Kalinga showed that Ashoka
was a powerful king. However, the battle also made him realize that he was not
as powerful as he had thought himself to be. Explain.
Ans. The battle of Kalinga
showed that Ashoka was a powerful king. However, the battle also made him
realize that he was not as powerful as he had thought himself to be. This is so
because after the war where he expected to feel happy about extending his
empire further, he found himself feeling sad about the loss of life and
property. The horrors of the Kalinga War brought about a sudden change in the
heart of Ashoka and he became a patron of Buddhism.
Do you know the story of how Prince
Siddhartha became the Buddha? Compare this story with the story of Ashoka’s
By finding the path to Enlightenment,
Siddhartha was led from the pain of suffering and rebirth towards the path of
Enlightenment and became known as the Buddha or 'awakened one'
The lethal war with Kalinga transformed the
vengeful emperor Ashoka to a stable and peaceful emperor and he became a patron
(Answer will vary)
Find out about Buddha’s Noble Eightfold,
and discuss how it can apply to your daily life, both in and outside school.
THE NOBLE EIGHTFOLD PATH
Right understanding (Samma
Right thought (Samma
Right speech (Samma vaca)
Right action (Samma kammanta)
Right livelihood (Samma
Right effort (Samma vayama)
Right mindfulness (Samma
Right concentration (Samma
(Answer will vary)