Travelling Through the Countryside (Adapted from ‘ Ram
Chander’s Story’ by Sir Mark Tully)
About the passage
A. Read to understand
1. Match these towns and villages with
where the marriage
ceremony was to take place c
where an old family
house stood d
where the eateries were
where Nirottam lived b
2. Answer the following questions.
What ensured the good quality of food at
Rattan Singh’s dhaba?
of food at Rattan Singh’s dhaba was good because of two reasons:
The owner of the dhaba was
the retired wrestler and people were scared of him. Thus, his mere presence was
enough to ensure the smooth flow of food in his dhaba.
There were many dhabas lined
up for the passengers to eat. The competition was stiff so the food was good.
What made the experience of eating at the
dhaba an unpleasant one for the author? Why did he not complain?
offensive odour from a chemical factory on the edge of the town made the experience
of eating at the dhaba an unpleasant one for the author. He did not complain
because he and his friends were hungry.
How do we know that the wrestler exercised
great authority at the dhaba?
Ratan Singh spoke very little, his mere presence was enough to ensure the
smooth flow of food in his dhaba. This shows that wrestler exercised great
authority at the dhaba.
Why did the author and his friends not rest
during their journey even though it was unbearably hot?
author and his friends did not rest during their journey even though it was
unbearably hot because they were late and they couldn’t disappoint Chandre, who
had been there since morning.
The narrator mentions two things found in
the Indian countryside that have been carried over from an older way of life.
Ans. Horse – drawn
traps or tongas and bullock carts.
B. Read to infer
Which of the following statements reveals
the author’s opinion about the black redstart?
It had probably forgotten its way back
It had probably gone out of its mind.
It was probably on its way to the
It was probably affected by
the polluting phut-phuts.
‘(The contractors) were just waiting to
complete the transformation of Hasanpur into yet another hot and ugly concrete
cauldron.’ This line tells us that
the author doesn’t have a very high opinion
the contractors were involved
in the illegal demolition of old houses in Hasanpur .
Hasanpur was fast becoming a deserted town
due to various construction activities.
Give two examples from the passage which
show the author’s considerate behavior.
He had feeling that chemicals
had penetrated the wrestler’s food, but he didn’t raise that question.
Though it was unbearably hot,
he did not stop the van as they were late and Chandre was waiting for them.
How do we know that the people living in
the area just outside Hasanpur were not well off?
living in the area just outside Hasanpur were not well off because
The houses were about to
collapse and had shabby air around it.
The date-palms had been
mutilated by the villagers always short of fodder for their goats and cattle.
In the countryside,
horse-drawn traps or tongas and bullock carts were still in use.
More and more of the
Indian countryside is slowly becoming city-like or urban. Even in the passage,
the author talks about such a transformation taking place in Hasanpur. Why do
you think changes occur? Can they be prevented? How does the growth of more and
more cities change the countryside? Discuss in class.