Topic outline

    • Fibre to Fabric

      Q1. State True/False

      i.             Raincoat is not made from fibre. True

      ii.            Synthetic fibres are biodegradable. False

      iii.          Nylon is a synthetic fibre. True

      iv.          The threads or yarns are made from thin fluffy strands called fibres. True.

      v.           Synthetic fibres are obtained from animals. False

      vi.          Synthetic fibres are costlier than natural fibres. False

      vii.        Angora wool is obtained from a species of rabbit. True

      viii.       Polyester is a natural fibre. False

      ix.          Fabrics can be made from yarns by weaving or knitting. True

      x.           Cotton clothes are less comfortable than polyester clothes. False

      xi.          Wool and silk are animal fibres. True

      xii.        All fabrics are obtained from plants. False

      Q2. Fill in the blanks.

      i.             The process of removing seeds from the cotton fibre is called ginning.

      ii.            The jute fibres are less durable as compared to rayon fibres.

      iii.          The cotton plant bears large leaves and bears white or yellow fruits.

      iv.          We should wear cotton fabrics while burning crackers.

      v.           Natural fibres do not damage the ecosystem as they are biodegradable.

      vi.          A cloth is made of thousands of criss - crossing threads forming a network.

      vii.        Silk is warm to wear during winters and cool in summer.

      viii.       Silkworms are fed on mulberry leaves.

      ix.          Silk is an expensive fabric.

      x.           Yarn is made from fibre.

      xi.          Spinning is the twisting together of drawn out strands of fibers to form yarn.

      xii.        Plant fibres are obtained from fruits and stems.

      Q3. From which part of the plant jute fibre is obtained?

      Ans. Jute fibre is obtained from stem of the jute plants.


      Q4. What is fabric?

      Ans. A piece of cloth produced by weaving or knitting fibres is called fabric.


      Q5. Write few items that are made from coconut fibre.

      Ans. Ropes, basket, door mat, Mattress etc.


      Q6. What is oil lamps wick made of?

      Ans. Cotton wool


      Q7. What are the fruits of cotton plants called?

      Ans. Cotton bolls


      Q8. How is spinning done on large scale?

      Ans. Spinning is done on large scale with the help of spinning machines.


      Q9. From which part of the plant cotton fibre is obtained?

      Ans. Cotton fibre is obtained from fruit of the cotton plants.

      Q10. Give some name of fabrics from your surroundings.

      Ans. Blankets, bed sheets, table-cloth, towels, shawl and curtains etc.


      Q11. From where do we get silk?

      Ans. We get silk from the cocoons of silkworms.


      Q12. Where jute is grown in India?

      Ans. Jute is grown in West Bengal, Assam, Orissa and Bihar.


      Q13. Which state is the largest producer of jute in India?

      Ans. West Bengal


      Q14. Write the names of unstitched cloth worn by people in India?

      Ans. Sari, dhoti, lungi and turban


      Q15. What is sericulture?

      Ans. Rearing of silkworms for production of silk is called sericulture.


      Q16. Which synthetic fibre is known as artificial silk?

      Ans. Rayon


      Q17. Which type of wool we get from a species of goat found in Kashmir?

      Ans. Cashmere

      Q18. Which type of climate is needed for the cultivation of cotton plants?

      Ans. Hot and humid climate is needed for the cultivation of cotton plants.


      Q19. Write any four fibres that are used to make clothes.

      Ans. Cotton, silk, nylon, wool


      Q20. Name two materials that are not fibres but are used to make clothes.

      Ans. Leather and fur


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