are words we use to describe a noun or pronoun. It is a word which qualifies
(shows how big, small, great, many, few, etc.) a noun or a pronoun is in a
are usually placed just before the words such as naughty boy, blue umbrella,
rotten apple, four coins etc.
read the following sentences:
Ram is a tall boy.
Hari is taller than Ram.
Avi is the tallest of the three.
Adjective ‘tall’ is in the Positive Degree. Here adjective is in simple form
and represents the presence of some quality in the thing or person we speak
about. It simply tells us “how Ram is” and there is no other person or thing in
this sentence used to compare Ram with. Positive Degree is used when no
comparison is made i.e. when we speak about only one person or thing.
Adjective “taller” is said to be in the Comparative Degree. It represents a higher degree
of the quality than the Positive. It is used to compare the qualities of two
persons or things. Here height of Hari and Ram are compared and shows the
difference of quality between the two.
Adjective “tallest” is said to be in the Superlative Degree. It represents the highest
degree of the quality. It is used when more than two objects are compared.
there are three Degrees of Comparison.
Formation of Comparative
Let’s see how the Adjectives form the Comparative and
Rule 1: The following Adjectives form the
Comparative by adding –“er” and Superlative by adding –“est” to the Positive.
Rule 2: If the Positive ends in “e”, only “r” and
“st” are added to form the Comparative and the Superlative.
Rule 3: If the Positive end in “y” and “y” is
preceded by a consonant, the “y” is changed into “i”, before adding “er” and
“est”. But if the “y” is preceded by a vowel, then “y” is not changed into “i”.
But – This is an exception to the above rule.
Rule 4: If the Positive Degree has only one
syllable and ends in one consonant, and the consonant is preceded by a short vowel,
this consonant is doubled before adding “er” and “est”.
Rule 5: Many Adjectives of two syllables, and all
Adjectives of the more than two syllables, take “more” before them to form the
Comparative and “most” to form the Superlative.
Rule 6: The following Adjectives are compared
“Than” is used after the Comparative Degree.
“The” is used before the Superlative Degree.
Do not use the Double Comparative and
Superlative, such as more better and most loveliest.
A few Comparative are followed by “to”,
instead of than; as, inferior to, superior to, junior to, senior to.
Each, every, either, neither, when used as
Adjectives, go with singular Noun. Example- Every boy was punished.