Topic outline

    • The Sentence

      Whenever we write or speak, we use words. We group many words to convey our message to people. Grouping of words is not sufficient, these words have to be in proper order or sequence for better understanding. Words arranged in order should express a complete thought.

      Now read the following sentences.

            1.   Useful is metal iron a.

            2.   Iron is a useful metal.

      Are they different?

      Yes, the first sentence does not make any sense but the second sentence does because it follows all the rules of making a sentence.


            1.   A sentence is a group of words that conveys a complete idea.

            2.   A sentence always makes sense.

            3.   A sentence always starts with capital letter and end with a full stop, question mark or exclamation mark.

            4.   A sentence must have at least one doing word i.e. verb.


      Now read these groups of words.

            1.   in the river

            2.   glass of water.

      These groups of words have sense but not complete sense. These groups of words are called phrases.


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