# Mathematics - Class 4 / Grade 4

- Metric Measure of Capacity
### Metric Measure of Capacity

Math - Class 4 - Metric Measure of Capacity- Key Points/Notes/Worksheets/Explanation/Lesson/Practice Questions Tags: Metric measure of capacity for class 4, Measurement of capacity for class IV, Unit conversion, Converting metric measurement, Metric system, Metric chart of capacity for 4rth standard, Word problem on measure of capacity, Conversion of measures of length from higher units to lower and lower to higher, Rule of conversion, Addition and subtraction involving units of measurement of capacity for fourth standard, Multiplication and division involving units of measurement of capacity, Decaliter, Hectoliter, Kiloliter, Deciliter, Centiliter, Milliliter, Worksheet PDF, Examples and Practice page on Measurement of capacity for grade 4. How many litres are there in 22kl? What is the standard unit of capacity? Which unit of capacity is 100 times smaller than litre? A bottle contains 30ml of medicine. How many bottles will be required for 9l of medicine? A container contains 15l 70ml of oil. Out of which 6l 50ml of oil is used. How much oil is left in the container?Metric Measure of Capacity

The maximum amount that something can hold is called capacity. The standard unit of capacity is liter. We use different units to measure different capacity. Milliliter, centiliter , deciliter are smaller unit used to measure smaller capacity, liter is commonly used to measure capacity, whereas units like decaliter, hectoliter and kiloliter are used to measure larger capacity. All these units are related to each other.

When we move from one metric unit to another to the right in the above metric chart, the value of metric unit becomes ten times smaller i.e. one tenth and when we move from one metric unit to another to the left in the metric chart, the value of metric unit becomes ten times bigger.

__We consider liter as the basic unit of capacity.__1 Decaliter (dal) = 10 times liter

1 Hectoliter (hl) = 100 times liter

1 Kiloliter (kl) = 1000 times liter

1 Deciliter (dl) = 1/10 of liter

1 centiliter (cl) = 1/100 of liter

1 milliliter (ml) = 1/1000 of liter

**Conversion of measures from higher to lower units**We always

__multiply__when we change higher unit to lower unit.Example 1: Change 6kl into liters

1kl =1000l

Therefore, 6 x 1000l = 6000l

Example 2: Change 45l into centiliters

1l = 100cl

Therefore, 45 x 100cl = 4500cl

**Conversion of measures from lower to higher units**We always

__divide__when we change lower unit to higher unit.Example 1: Change 8000l to kilo liter

1000l = 1kl

Therefore, 8000 ÷ 1000 = 8l

**Addition and Subtraction**__Step1:__Write the units on the top.__Step2:__Write the numbers in proper place below the units. Write zero in empty place.Example 1: Add 40kl 34l and 23kl 3l

Example 2: Subtract 40kl 34l from 70kl 64l

**Multiplication involving units of measurement**Example 1: Multiply 33 l 30ml by 2

**Division involving units of measurement**Example 1: Divide 484l by 4

**Download to practice offline.**